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Selling items which one does not have in his possesion

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: Someone came to me to buy goods. I do not have it. I take his order and tell him that it will be shipped to him directly. The item costs me R100. I’ll sell it at R200. Is this permissible. If not, what is the way out?


A: In this case, you should make it known to your client that your sale has not been concluded. You will first purchase the item and then conclude the sale with him. You could take an undertaking of making the commodity available to him for a certain price. This undertaking is not a sale, rather a promise to ensure that the article is sold to him.

وعن حكيم بن حزام قال نهاني رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أن أبيع ما ليس عندي رواه الترمذي في رواية له ولأبي داود والنسائي قال قلت يا رسول الله يأتيني الرجل فيريد مني البيع وليس عندي فأبتاع له من السوق قال لا تبع ما ليس عندك (مشكاة رقم 2867)

مطلب في أجرة الدلال تتمة قال في التاترخانية وفي الدلال والسمسار يجب أجر المثل وما تواضعوا عليه أن في كل عشرة دنانير كذا فذاك حرام عليهم وفي الحاوي سئل محمد بن سلمة عن أجرة السمسار فقال أرجو أنه لا بأس به وإن كان في الأصل فاسدا لكثرة التعامل وكثير من هذا غير جائز فجوزوه لحاجة الناس إليه كدخول الحمام وعنه قال رأيت ابن شجاع يقاطع نساجا ينسج له ثيابا في كل سنة (رد المحتار 6/63)

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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