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Mastering Tajweed: Perfecting Arabic Alphabet Emphasis and Pronouncing ض in Salah

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: I am having some confusion about tajweed. Some queries are such that they are best asked in person but having no other choice I have to ask them through email.

1. The makhraj of each Arabic alphabet is different. To what degree do we have to emphasize one each letter while reciting the Quran in Salaah in order to make sure salah is valid?Honestly speaking, I think there will be few people in the Muslim world (including ulama) who can actually pronounce each alphabet in such a way that it can be differentiated.For example, the difference between ص and س, and the subtle difference between ز and ظ etc.

2. The letter ض is very difficult to pronounce correctly.The Arabs pronounce it such that it sounds similar to د. On the other hand, there is actually a difference amongst Indo-pak ulama with regards to ض. Some pronounce it similar to د while others make it sound like ز. In fact , I have read two fatwas of Deobandi Muftiyaan where it is written that the makhraj of ض is closer to ز rather than د. Please clarify this matter.



1. To the degree that you can pronounce it correctly.

2. The letter ض is exclusive to the makhraj of haafatul-lisaan and the adhraas-e-ulya. No other letter can emanate from this makhraj. An expert qari will be required to explain the correct pronunciation.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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