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Concluding a sale without the price being fixed

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: I went to buy something from my friend. He told me to take the item and he will discuss the price later on with me. What is the Shar’ee ruling regarding this sale? If this sale is incorrect, what is the way to correct it?

Bismillaah

A: In order for a sale to be valid, one of the conditions is that at the time of the sale, the sale commodity should be specified and the price should be mutually agreed upon. In this case, since you both did not agree on any price, the sale is invalid. You both should mutually agree on a price and thereafter repeat the sale.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

( وفسد ) بيع ( ما سكت ) أي وقع السكوت ( فيه عن الثمن ) كبيعه بقيمته (الدر المختار 5/60)

قال الشامي : قوله ( ما سكت فيه عن الثمن ) لأن مطلق البيع يقتضي المعاوضة فإذا سكت كان غرضه القيمة فكأنه باع بقيمته فيفسد ولا يبطل درر أي بخلاف ما إذا صرح بنفي الثمن كما قدمه قريبا (رد المحتار 5/60)

وأما شرائط الصحة فعامة وخاصة فالعامة لكل بيع ما هو شرط الانعقاد لأن ما لا ينعقد لم يصح ولا ينعكس فإن الفاسد عندنا منعقد نافذ إذا اتصل به القبض … ومنها أن يكون المبيع معلوما والثمن معلوما علما يمنع من المنازعة إ لخ (الفتاوى الهندية 3/3)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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