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Can I Pursue Deen Studies Despite My Past Mistakes?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: Am I allowed to go to learn Deen or Hajj or Tabligh or other Deeni purpose? The problem, I did a few things when I was a non-Muslim but after conversion, Alhamdulillah nothing.

When I was non-Muslim, I had no bad intention, and I needed a place to live. So I had a company through which I sold webpages, design, spam services and I decided to search for a flat and I found one flat and this was an advertisement of some real estate agent, (a system that owner of flat used the service of real estate agent to get clients). So the owner of this flat was a heart doctor, so I had some money but I didn’t have the third part of the rent (first payment needs to be like 3x rent, I had only two parts, if I am correct) and because of deadline I had to fake one paper of payment, so they believed that I have paid  money will be received soon (like the next day) but next day this doctor was in another country for some thing, so there was no problem for me. I didn’t pay, and after I lived like three months I didn’t pay no rent and no other costs. One reason was that my company wasn’t doing well to pay it. So after the third month I just moved out and I left the key and I sent an sms so and so. For now I have not heard anything of them. Not from doctor and nor from the real estate agent.

My company ordered services from an accountant and when she finished the work, then I did not pay. Now she has not contacted me but when I contacted then she said yes I owe her like 1000€ and some interest.

Before Islam, in France 2 times + other time(s) for 2 times I got judgment and I spent like a few years in jail. (2-7 years for I got 3 + 2  years alhamdulillah bigger swallowed other smaller one.)

Anyway, the problem was I bought from a seller credit card, debit card data from all over the world. (how seller gets the data/info:

1. A person is working in some pub, hotel, restaurant etc. and when the client gives credit card he swipes it also from his personal card copier, so he copies the data without client knowing it. When worker makes copies of credit card with copy machine (like papers) so he just collect the copies and sells them. He just hacks and takes anything they want. All this is done while the person does not know he is stealing. So I buy this data, and I make credit cards by using this data which I bought, so I go and use it to buy computers, and other valuable electronics, pay hotels, restaurants, and rent a car and so on, like clothes and jewellery. As this credit card data that I bought was in another continent and I paid in France and the real person paid in his own country with the real credit card, then the bank refused to give money to the businesses of France and returned the money. So when I got the judgment, they say that I need to pay 18k€ to the bank of France for damages that I have done but when I payed some little amount of money then I got receipt that I have paid the hotel that I used.

All of this was done before I became Muslim. Doesn’t Islam erase all my previous life things. I became Muslim in the jail so after I came out I started to pay but now I have no money, house of my own etc. Someone is offering me to go to a Madrasah for free, can I go? He is not giving me money, just a scholarship sort of thing.


A: Through accepting Islam, all the sins and impermissible actions one had committed while being a kaafir will be forgiven. However, the rights of people that one had usurped (whether Muslims or non-Muslims) will have to be returned. Hence all outstanding loans, debts or stolen wealth will have to be returned to their rightful owners.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

وعن عمرو بن العاص قال أتيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقلت ابسط يمينك فلأبايعك فبسط يمينه قال فقبضت يدي فقال ما لك يا عمرو قلت أردت أن أشترط قال تشترط ماذا قلت أن يغفر لي قال أما علمت أن الإسلام يهدم ما كان قبله وأن الهجرة تهدم ما كان قبلها وأن الحج يهدم ما كان قبله (رواه مسلم #121)

قال الشيخ التوربشتي من أئمتنا رحمهم الله الإسلام يهدم ما كان قبله مطلقا مظلمة كانت أو غيرها صغيرة أو كبيرة وأما الهجرة والحج فإنهما لا يكفران المظالم ولا يقطع فيهما بغفران الكبائر التي بين العبد ومولاه فيحمل الحديث على هدمهما الصغيرة المتقدمة ويحتمل هدمهما الكبائر التي تتعلق بحقوق العباد بشرط التوبة عرفنا ذلك من أصول الدين فرددنا المجمل إلى المفصل وعليه اتفاق الشارحين وقال بعض علمائنا يمحو الإسلام ما كان قبله من كفر وعصيان وما ترتب عليهما من العقوبات التي هي حقوق الله وأما حقوق العباد فلا تسقط بالحج والهجرة إجماعا ولا بالإسلام لو كان المسلم ذميا سواء كان الحق عليه ماليا أو غير مالي كالقصاص أو كان المسلم حربيا وكان الحق ماليا بالإستقراض أو الشراء وكان المال غير الخمر وقال ابن حجر الحج يهدم ما قبله مما وقع قبله وبعد الإسلام ما عدا المظالم لكن بشرط ما ذكر في حديث من حج فلم يرفث ولم يفسق خرج من ذنوبه كيوم ولدته أمه مع ذلك فالذي عليه أهل السنة كما نقله غير واحد من الأئمة كالنووي وعياض أن محل ذلك في غير التبعات بل الكبائر إذ لا يكفرها إلا التوبة وعبارة بعض الشارحين حقوق المالية لا تنهدم بالهجرة والحج وفي الإسلام خلاف وأما حقوق العباد فلا تسقط بالهجرة والحج إجماعا ا ه (مرقاة المفاتيح ص190 ج1)

قال الشامي : وحديث مسلم مرفوعا إن الإسلام يهدم ما كان قبله وإن الهجرة تهدم ما كان قبلها وإن الحج يهدم ما كان قبله لكن ذكر الأكمل في شرح المشارق في هذا الحديث أن الحربي تحبط ذنوبه كلها بالإسلام والهجرة والحج حتى لو قتل وأخذ المال وأحرزه بدار الحرب ثم أسلم لم يؤاخذ بشيء من ذلك وعلى هذا كان الإسلام كافيا في تحصيل مراده ولكن ذكر صلى الله عليه وسلم الهجرة والحج تأكيدا في بشارته وترغيبا في مبايعته فإن الهجرة والحج لا يكفران المظالم ولا يقطع فيهما بمحو الكبائر وإنما يكفران الصغائر ويجوز أن يقال والكبائر التي ليست من حقوق أحد كإسلام الذمي اهـ ملخصا وكذا ذكر الإمام الطيبي في شرحه وقال إن الشارحين اتفقوا عليه وهكذا ذكر النووي والقرطبي في شرح مسلم كما في البحر (رد المحتار ج2 ص623)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.