Authenticity of the Hadith regarding the importance of settling debts

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by


What is the authenticity of this narration you have answered here?

Sayyiduna Abu Musa Al Ash’ari (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Among the greatest of sins in Allah’s sight which a man commits, after the major sins which Allah has prohibited, is that a man should die while in debt, without making any [arrangement] for it to be paid off.”



Imam Abu Dawud (rahimahullah) has recorded this Hadith. ‘Allamah Munawi (rahimahullah) has declared the chain authentic (jayyid).

(Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 3335, Faydul Qadir, Hadith: 2206)


And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.


Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala


Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar


التخريج من المصادر العربية

سنن أبي داود (٣٣٣٥): حدثنا سليمان بن داود المهري، أخبرنا ابن وهب، حدثني سعيد  بن أبي أيوب، أنه سمع أبا عبد الله القرشي، يقول: سمعت أبا بردة بن أبي موسى الأشعري، يقول: عن أبيه، عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، أنه قال: «إن أعظم الذنوب عند الله أن يلقاه بها عبد بعد الكبائر التي نهى الله عنها، أن يموت رجل وعليه دين، لا يدع له قضاء».

فيض القدير (٢٢٠٦): (حم د) في البيوع (عن أبي موسى) الأشعري ولم يضعفه فهو صالح وسنده جيد.

This answer was collected from The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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