Is killing rodents allowed?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Maruf Ahmed​



Is it permitted to use poison to kill mice that are in the house?

I understand that it is important not to cause unnecessary suffering to animals and I have tried to use many instant kill traps, but they have not worked. The mice have now been in our house for many months.

As you may be aware, rodents such as mice carry many illnesses. Therefore, my question is, would it be permitted for me to use poison to kill the mice considering the fact that they could pass on potentially fatal illnesses?

In addition, I have also used the following device which is said to disturb the nervous system of rodents.

Even though it has not really been effective, I just want to ask would use this be permitted?

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful 


Generally, it is not permissible to inflict unnecessary harm upon animals. This is based on the Hadith narrated by Anas ibn Malik (radiyallahu anhu):

“The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) forbade the harming of animals.”[1]

However, if there is a need to kill them, such as to preserve oneself or one’s food, it is permissible.

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“There are five animals in which there is no harm in killing: crows, hawks, mice/rats, scorpions and dogs.”[2]

Nevertheless, whilst killing such an animal, unnecessary harm should not be inflicted upon it.

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“Indeed, Allah has prescribed excellence in all matters, so if you kill, kill well, and if you slaughter, slaughter well.”[3]

Only Allah knows best

Written by Maulana Maruf Ahmed

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

[1]Sahih al-Bukhari: Hadith 5513, Sahih Muslim: Hadith 1549

[2]Sahih al-Bukhari: Hadith 1928

[3]Sahih Muslim: Hadith 1955

This answer was collected from, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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