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Is Crab Halal?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Moinul Abu Hamza​​


Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah

Is crab halal?


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Assalamualaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuh

In the Hanafi madhab, fish is the only seafood that is halal to consume. Therefore, crab would not be permitted according to Hanafis (1) However, there are other views within the Hanafi school that suggest prawns, crabs and lobster and other foodstuffs in the sea not considered to be fish are in fact considered to be part of the category of fish from a linguistic perspective. Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (RA) has said it is permissible to consume prawns (2) so the same would apply to Crab.

(1)“The game of the sea and its eating has been made lawful for you.” (Surah Maaidah v.96)

(2)(Imdadul Fatawa p.103 v.4)

Only Allah (SWT) knows best

Answered By Maulana Moinul Abu Hamza

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Iftā Birmingham

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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