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Ahadith regarding virtue of the people and place of ash-Shฤm

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

What is the hadith narration where the Rasul said the best of places and best of His servants will be gathered in sham. And the narration where the Rasul told his companion to migrate to sham because it is best of places that only Allah Almighty will bring His special servants to that land.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salฤmu โ€˜alaykum wa-rahmatullฤhi wa-barakฤtuh.


At the outset, we must note that Shฤm refers to The Levant, which today consists of Cyprus, Lebanon,ย Syria, (pre-1947) Palestine, Jordan, part of southernย Turkey, and theย Aleppo Vilayet.[1]

Consider the following narrations in reference to your Hadith query on Shฤm:

It is reported in Sunan Abฤซ Dawลซd [2482] that:

ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽู…ู’ุฑููˆ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู: ุณูŽุชูŽูƒููˆู†ู ู‡ูุฌู’ุฑูŽุฉูŒ ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ู‡ูุฌู’ุฑูŽุฉูุŒ ููŽุฎููŠูŽุงุฑู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ุฃูŽู„ู’ุฒูŽู…ูู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูู‡ูŽุงุฌูŽุฑูŽ ุฅูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู…ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุจู’ู‚ูŽู‰ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ุดูุฑูŽุงุฑู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ูู‡ูŽุง ุชูŽู„ู’ููุธูู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถููˆู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ุชูŽู‚ู’ุฐูŽุฑูู‡ูู…ู’ ู†ูŽูู’ุณู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูุŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽุญู’ุดูุฑูู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑูŽุฏูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู†ูŽุงุฒููŠุฑูยป

Translation: โ€˜Abdullฤh Ibn โ€˜Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that I heard Allah`s Messenger (peace and salutations be upon him) saying, โ€œThere shall be constant emigrations (in the near future). The best of the people will be those who hold fast to the place of emigration of Ibrahim (peace be upon him) (i.e. Shฤm). The worst of the earthโ€™s people will remain, cast out by their lands, abhorred by Allฤh and the fire will gather them with the apes and swines.โ€

2. It is reported in Sunan al-Tirmidhi [2217] and Musnad al-Imam Ahmad [4567 and others] that:

ุนูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽุงู„ูู…ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูู…ูŽุฑูŽุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุจููŠู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ: ุณูŽุชูŽุฎู’ุฑูุฌู ู†ูŽุงุฑูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุญูŽุถู’ุฑูŽู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู…ูู†ู’ ู†ูŽุญู’ูˆู ุจูŽุญู’ุฑู ุญูŽุถู’ุฑูŽู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูŽ ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู ุชูŽุญู’ุดูุฑู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุณูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ููˆุง: ูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŒ ููŽู…ูŽุง ุชูŽุฃู’ู…ูุฑูู†ูŽุงุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุงู…ู.

Translation: โ€˜Abdullฤh Ibn โ€˜Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Allah`s Messenger (peace and salutations be upon him) said, โ€œSuch a fire will emerge from Hadhramaut (a place in Yemen) before Qiyฤmah which will gather the people.โ€™ The people asked, โ€˜O Allah`s Messenger (peace and salutations be upon him), What do you advise us to do (if we are faced with it)?โ€™ He replied, โ€˜Take refuge in Shฤm.โ€™โ€[2]

3. It is reported also in Sunan al-Tirmidhi [3954] and Musnad al-Imam Ahmad [22668] that:

ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฒูŽูŠู’ุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ุซูŽุงุจูุชูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ูƒูู†ู‘ูŽุง ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ู†ูุคูŽู„ู‘ููู ุงู„ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูู‚ูŽุงุนู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‡ู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ: ุทููˆุจูŽู‰ ู„ูู„ุดู‘ูŽุงู…ูุŒ ููŽู‚ูู„ู’ู†ูŽุง: ู„ุฃูŽูŠู‘ู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‡ูุŸ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ู„ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽู„ุงูŽุฆููƒูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุจูŽุงุณูุทูŽุฉูŒ ุฃูŽุฌู’ู†ูุญูŽุชูŽู‡ูŽุง ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง.

Translation: Zaid Ibn Thฤbit (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates, โ€œWe were with Allah`s Messenger (peace and salutations be upon him) compiling the Qurโ€™ฤn from pieces of cloth, when Allah`s Messenger (peace and salutations be upon him) said:

โ€˜Glad tidings be for Shฤm.โ€™ We asked, โ€˜Why is that so O Allah`s Messenger (peace and salutations be upon him)?โ€™ He replied, โ€˜This is because the angels of Allฤh have spread their (protective) wings over it (Shฤm).โ€™โ€

4. It is reported in Sunan Abi Dawลซd [2483] and in Musnad al-Imam Ahmad [23618/ 21276 with slight variance in wording but a sound chain] that:

ุนู† ุงุจู† ุญูˆุงู„ุฉ ู‚ุงู„ ู‚ุงู„ ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…: ุณูŠุตูŠุฑ ุงู„ุฃู…ุฑ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู† ุชูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ุฌู†ูˆุฏุง ู‹ู…ุฌู†ุฏุฉ ุฌู†ุฏ ุจุงู„ุดุงู… ูˆุฌู†ุฏ ุจุงู„ูŠู…ู† ูˆุฌู†ุฏ ุจุงู„ุนุฑุงู‚. ู‚ุงู„ ุงุจู† ุญูˆุงู„ุฉ ุฎุฑ ู„ูŠ ูŠุง ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ุฅู† ุฃุฏุฑูƒุช ุฐู„ูƒุŒ ูู‚ุงู„: ุนู„ูŠูƒ ุจุงู„ุดุงู… ูุฅู†ู‡ุง ุฎูŠุฑุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุฃุฑุถู‡ ูŠุฌุชุจูŠ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ุง ุฎูŠุฑุชู‡ ู…ู† ุนุจุงุฏู‡ ูุฃู…ุง ุฅู† ุฃุจูŠุชู… ูุนู„ูŠูƒู… ุจูŠู…ู†ูƒู… ูˆุงุณู‚ูˆุง ู…ู† ุบุฏุฑูƒู… ูุฅู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชูˆูƒู„ ู„ูŠ ุจุงู„ุดุงู… ูˆุฃู‡ู„ู‡.

Translation: Ibn Hawฤlah al-Azdฤซ (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Allah`s Messenger (peace and salutations be upon him) said, “The matter will run their course until you become three armies: an army in Sham, an army in Yemen, and an army in Iraq”.

Ibn Hawฤlah (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “Choose for me, O Allah`s Messenger, in case I live to see that “. He (peace and salutations be upon him) responded,

Go to Shฤm, for it is the best of lands of Allah, and the best of His slaves will be drawn there. And if you refuse, then go to Yemen and drink from its wells. For Allah has guaranteed me that He will look after Sham and its people.

And Allah Taโ€™ฤla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
UKย 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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