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Can I marry my father’s second wife?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

I am in a relationship with a woman who was supposed to be my father’s second wife. My father divorced her a long time back and now I have an intimate relationship with her. We both want to get married now. I wanted to know whether we can marry each other according to the Shari’āh law or not.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is Harām (forbidden) upon you to marry any woman to whom your father is currently married to or was previously married to.[i]  The Āyah of the Qurān is very clear regarding this issue:

وَلَا تَنْكِحُوا مَا نَكَحَ آبَاؤُكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَمَقْتًا وَسَاءَ سَبِيلًاO  )النساء: 22(

And do not marry those [women] whom your fathers had married, except what has passed. Indeed, it is indeed an immorality and detestable [to Allah ] and was it is an evil practice. (4:22)

Marrying the legally wedded wife of the father has been declared unlawful in this Āyah. The fact that the father has married a woman is enough to forbid the son from entering into a marriage with that woman.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mawlana Abdul Hannan Nizami,
Student Darul Iftaa
USA

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Husain Kadodia.
www.daruliftaa.net



 [i] الفتاوى البزازية (2/ 6)

(الثاني والثالث في محل النكاح وما يثبت به حرمة المصاهرة) * منكوحة الأب ومنكوحة الابن حرام والحرمة ثابتة بنفس العقد فيهما

 

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ومنحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري (3/ 100)

(قَوْلُهُ وَامْرَأَةُ أَبِيهِ وَابْنِهِ وَإِنْ بَعُدَا) أَمَّا حَلِيلَةُ الْأَبِ فَبِقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى )وَلا تَنْكِحُوا مَا نَكَحَ آبَاؤُكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ( )النساء: 22( فَتَحْرُمُ بِمُجَرَّدِ الْعَقْدِ عَلَيْهَا

 

الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 274) مكتبه رشيديه

وَالرَّابِعَةُ نِسَاءُ الْآبَاءِ وَالْأَجْدَادِ من جِهَةِ الْأَبِ أو الْأُمِّ وَإِنْ عَلَوْا فَهَؤُلَاءِ مُحَرَّمَاتٌ على التَّأْبِيدِ نِكَاحًا وَوَطْئًا

 

فتاوي المحموديه (11/299) ادارة الفاروق

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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