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I have a few questions about performing wudhū before and after taking a shower?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

1.) When you perform wudhū, unclothed and before taking a shower is that wudhū still valid?

2.) If I take a shower without performing wudhū and water reaches all the areas where wudhū needs to be made, does it count as wudhū?

3.) Does cutting your nails break wudhū?

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1.) Yes, the wudhū that is performed while taking a shower is valid and you do not need to perform another wudhū as long as your wudhū does not break. The ‘awrah being exposed due to taking a shower does not invalidate the wudhū. It is Sunnah to perform wudhū while performing ghusl.[i]

2.) Yes, if water reaches all the areas where wudhū is fardh then your wudhū is valid even if you did not intend to perform wudhū and all acts of worship that require wudhū can be carried out. However one will not get the reward for performing wudhū if an intention was not made.[ii]

3.) No, cutting your nails does not break wudhū. However, if the nails are so long that they cover the top of the fingertips then one should make sure that water reaches below the nails otherwise the wudhū will not be valid. Fingernails should be regularly trimmed and it is mustahab (recommended) to do so every Friday.[iii]

 
And Allāh knows best.
 
Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)
 
Concurred by:
Muftī Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)
 

Under the Supervision of Muftī Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

 

فتاوى عثماني، ١ / ٣١٦ مكتبة معارف القران كراتشي [i]

 

ومن السنة: النية، وإذا تركها تجزئه صلاته عندنا، وتكلموا في أنه إذا ترك النية [ii]

هل يثاب ثواب الوضوء؟ قال الأكثر من المتقدمين من أصحابنا؛ لا يثاب

الميحط البرهاني، كتاب الطهارات: ١/ ٤٥ دار الكتب العلمية

 

وذكر الشيخ الإمام الزاهد الصفار رحمه الله في «شرحه»: أن الظفر إذا كان [iii]

 طويلاً بحيث يستر رأس الأنملة يجب إيصال الماء إلى ما تحته

الميحط البرهاني، كتاب الطهارات: ١/ ٣٦ دار الكتب العلمية

 

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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