Assalamualakum. Mufti Sahib, I was wondering if you could help me. I am a Hanafi and I was talking to a brother about an Islamic state. What should my opinion be regarding an Islamic state and what is the best way for it be instated?
Assalaamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakaatuhu
Q: Are Islamic laws applicable in a non-Muslim country?
A: If the internal and external affairs of a country are run by a non-Muslim
government, and the government has not appointed a Muslim leader or judge
for its Muslim subjects, then it is incumbent upon the Muslims of that
country to appoint a leader for themselves if they are free to practice
Islam in that country. However till they do not unanimously decide on a
leader, it is permissible for them to appoint a Muslim judge (or body), with
whom the people are pleased, to handle their affairs according to Shariáh.
(Iezaahun-nawaadir, p. 120)
and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai