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Money Saved for a Need is Liable for Zakah once it Reaches Nisaab and a Full Lunar Year Elapses while Possessing it

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Darul Iftaa Jordan
I have saved eleven thousand JDs to buy a house with and a full lunar year passed while possessing it. Is this amount liable for Zakah?

Answer:

Answer: All perfect praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.

Zakah is due on the money that reached Nisaab (Minimum amount liable for Zakah while possessing it) and a full lunar year elapsed while possessing it, even if the money is saved for basic needs. As this money has a value, which is the Illah (Cause) for Zakah, then it is liable for Zakah. Thus, it is included within the general meaning of the Sharia texts indicating that Zakah is an obligation. However, if the owner of this money had spent it before a full lunar year passed while possessing it-for example, he bought a car or a house-then no Zakah is due on the money or the item bought with it. And Allah the Almighty knows best.

This answer was collected from the official government Iftaa Department of Jordan.

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