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Calculating Zakat With Long Term Debts

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Seekersguidance.org

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Zakat and Long Term Debts

Question: I have an Islamic mortgage for $150,000 over a period of 25 years, plus, a loan from a family member amounting to $100,000. Currently, I have at hand $10,000 in savings. I am repaying $1900 per month to cover the outstanding debt. I wish to know how much Zakat is owed if any.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

If one has long terms debts, it would be permitted to deduct up to a year’s worth of repayments, and not the entire debt.

As such, one would: [1] calculate all of one’s zakatable assets — gold, silver, cash/savings, money lent out, trade goods, stocks, and so on — and [2] deduct one’s debts and immediate expenses (up to a month). Thereafter, if one was in possession of the zakatable minimum (nisab), it would be obligatory to pay zakat.

[Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Kasani, Badai` al-Sanai`]

Please see: Zakat: How to Calculate and Who to Give It to

And: Zakat & Long Term Debts

And Allah alone gives success.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

This answer was collected from Seekersguidance.org. It’s an online learning platform overseen by Sheikh Faraz Rabbani. All courses are free. They also have in-person classes in Canada.

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