Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalam alaykum
Are the exact timings of 20 minutes after sunrise and 30 minutes before sunset to know when the prohibited times to pray has entered applicable for all over the world?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,
The prohibited time to pray any ritual prayer (salat) is during sunrise and sunset.
This specifically refers to the time at which a person can look directly towards the sun without their eyes being dazzled by it. But the number of minutes such an event will last for can depend on your geographical location and the time of year. Having said that, fifteen to thirty minutes is likely to be a reasonable average for many places.
Note that it is also impermissible to pray when the sun is at its highest point in the sky (zawal), right before the entrance of the midday (zuhr) prayer.
[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s Gloss (1.260)]
Please also see: Reciting Qur’an During Times When It is Prohibited to Pray
And Allah Most High alone knows best.
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.