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Hadith regarding the Khawaarij

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: Can you please explain this hadith (2nd last hadith of Bukhari): Is this talking about Qaris from Egypt like Abdul Basit? What does this hadith mean?

Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “There will emerge from the East some people who will recite the Qur’an but it will not exceed their throats and who will go out of (renounce) the religion (Islam) as an arrow passes through the game, and they will never come back to it unless the arrow, comes back to the middle of the bow (by itself) (i.e., impossible). The people asked, “What will their signs be?” He said, “Their sign will be the habit of shaving (of their beards and their heads). (Fath-ul-Bari, Page 322, Vol. 17th)

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النُّعْمَانِ، حَدَّثَنَا مَهْدِيُّ بْنُ مَيْمُونٍ، سَمِعْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ سِيرِينَ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ مَعْبَدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ يَخْرُجُ نَاسٌ مِنْ قِبَلِ الْمَشْرِقِ وَيَقْرَءُونَ الْقُرْآنَ لاَ يُجَاوِزُ تَرَاقِيَهُمْ، يَمْرُقُونَ مِنَ الدِّينِ كَمَا يَمْرُقُ السَّهْمُ مِنَ الرَّمِيَّةِ، ثُمَّ لاَ يَعُودُونَ فِيهِ حَتَّى يَعُودَ السَّهْمُ إِلَى فُوقِهِ ‏”‏‏.‏ قِيلَ مَا سِيمَاهُمْ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ سِيمَاهُمُ التَّحْلِيقُ ‏”‏‏.‏ أَوْ قَالَ ‏”‏ التَّسْبِيدُ ‏”‏‏.‏

Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 7562 In-book reference : Book 97, Hadith 187 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 9, Book 93, Hadith 651 (deprecated numbering scheme)

Bismillaah

A: This refers to the khawaarij. One of their salient features was that they would shave off the hair of the head.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

 

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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