Understanding of a Hadith on Jihaad

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Fatwa-TT.com
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Salaams Hazrat

Can you provide the correct
understanding of this narration?

The Messenger of Allaah (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever dies without having gone out
for jihaad or having thought of doing so, dies on a branch of hypocrisy. 
(Saheeh Muslim, 3533).

I don’t intend to do ever go to some of these Middle Eastern countries to engage in combat. Does that make me a hypocrite or what?



In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The Hadith in reference,

It has been narrated on the
authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah () said:

One who died but did not
fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for
Jihad died the death of a hypocrite. ‘Abdullah b. Mubarak said: We think the
hadith pertained to the time of the Messenger of Allah ().( Sahih Muslim 1910)

It is understood from the Hadith that defending
Islam and striving for its upliftment is compulsory on every Muslim. There are
many ways this can be achieved, and every Muslim should call towards Islam with
Hikmah and reflecting of the beautiful Sunnah of the Prophet .

The combat currently in the middle east,
according to our Ulamaa, doesn’t fulfil the specifications of a Shari’ Jihaad
and rather has been condemned. However one should feel the worry and concern for
those affected ask Allah to alleviate their difficulties.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mufti Arshad Ali

Darul Iftaa, Jaamia Madinatul Uloom (Trinidad)


This answer was collected from Fatwa-tt.com, which is operated by the Darul Iftaa of Jaamia Madinatul Uloom (Trinidad and Tobago) under the advice and guidance of Mufti Ebrahim Desai (Daamat Barakaatuhum) of South Africa.