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Is Listening to Someone Singing Without Musical Instruments Haram?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Mohammed Dilwar Hussain


Is listening to someone singing without music (musical instruments) haram?

In the name of All, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


It is imperative to understand that listening to music is explicitly prohibited in Shariโ€™ah.

There are countless narrations from the Prophet ๏ทบ prohibiting it. I have listed only a few narrations below;

โ€œIn this Ummah, there shall be collapsing of the earth, transformation and Qadhf.โ€ A man among the Muslims said: โ€œO Messenger of Allฤh! When is that?โ€ He said: โ€œWhen singing slave-girls, music, and drinking intoxicants spread.โ€ [Sunan Al-Tirmizi: Hadith 2212] [1]

โ€œPeople among my nation will drink wine, calling it by another name, and musical instruments will be played for them and singing girls (will sing for them). Allฤh will cause the earth to swallow them up, and will turn them into monkeys and pigs.โ€ [Sunan Ibn Mฤjah: Hadith 4020] [2]

Abu โ€˜Amir or Abu Malik Al-Ashโ€™ari: that he heard the Prophet ๏ทบ saying: โ€œFrom among my followers there will be some people who will consider illegal sexual intercourse, the wearing of silk, the drinking of alcoholic drinks and the use of musical instruments, as lawful. And there will be some people who will stay near the side of a mountain and in the evening their shepherd will come to them with their sheep and ask them for something, but they will say to him: โ€œReturn to us tomorrow.โ€ Allฤh will destroy them during the night and will let the mountain fall on them, and He will transform the rest of them into monkeys and pigs and they will remain so till the Day of Resurrection.โ€ [Sahih Al-Bukhฤri: Hadith 5590] [3]

โ€˜Ali bin Abi Talib narrated that the Messenger of Allฤh ๏ทบ said: โ€œWhen my Ummah does fifteen things, the afflictions will occur in it.โ€ It was said: โ€œWhat are they O Messenger of Allฤh?โ€ He said: โ€œWhen Al-Maghnam (the spoils of war) are distributed (preferentially), trust is usurped, Zakah is fine, a man obeys his wife and disobeys his mother, he is kind to his friend and abandons his father, voices are raised in the Masฤjid, the leader of the people is the most despicable among them, the most honoured man is the one whose evil the people are afraid of, intoxicants are drunk, silk is worn (by males), there is a fascination for singing slave-girls and music, and the end of this Ummah curses its beginning. When that occurs, anticipate a red wind, collapsing of the earth, and transformation.โ€ [Sunan Al-Tirmizi: Hadith 2210] [4]

From these narrations, we can identify the severity of sin which is related to listening to music and the punishment which is attributed to it in this world. We can also see that it is amongst the signs of Qiyฤmah. By listening to music, you will be sinful and it should be avoided.

Instead, it is advisable to listen to the Qurโ€™ฤn as this brings tranquillity into the hearts.

Only Allฤh Taโ€™ฤlฤ knows best.

Written by Maulana Mohammed Dilwar Hussain

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

[1]ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู‘ูŽุงุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ูŠูŽุนู’ู‚ููˆุจูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒููˆูููŠู‘ูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฏู‘ููˆุณูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุดูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู‡ูู„ุงูŽู„ู ุจู’ู†ู ูŠูุณูŽุงููุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูู…ู’ุฑูŽุงู†ูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ุญูุตูŽูŠู’ู†ูุŒ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ โ€โ€โ€ ูููŠ ู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ุฎูŽุณู’ููŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุณู’ุฎูŒ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฐู’ููŒ โ€โ€โ€ โ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุณู’ู„ูู…ููŠู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุชูŽู‰ ุฐูŽุงูƒูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ โ€โ€โ€ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุธูŽู‡ูŽุฑูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนูŽุงุฒููู ูˆูŽุดูุฑูุจูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ุฎูู…ููˆุฑู โ€โ€โ€ โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุนููŠุณูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฑููˆููŠูŽ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฏููŠุซู ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุดู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุจู’ู†ู ุณูŽุงุจูุทู ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู…ูุฑู’ุณูŽู„ุงู‹ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุญูŽุฏููŠุซูŒ ุบูŽุฑููŠุจูŒ

[2]ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุณูŽุนููŠุฏูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ูŽุนู’ู†ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนููŠุณูŽู‰ุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูุนูŽุงูˆููŠูŽุฉูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ุตูŽุงู„ูุญูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุญูŽุงุชูู…ู ุจู’ู†ู ุญูุฑูŽูŠู’ุซูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูŽุงู„ููƒู ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ู…ูŽุฑู’ูŠูŽู…ูŽุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุจู’ู†ู ุบูŽู†ู’ู…ู ุงู„ุฃูŽุดู’ุนูŽุฑููŠู‘ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุจููŠ ู…ูŽุงู„ููƒู ุงู„ุฃูŽุดู’ุนูŽุฑููŠู‘ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู€ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู€ โ€ย โ€œโ€ ู„ูŽูŠูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุจูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู†ูŽุงุณูŒ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุชููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู…ู’ุฑูŽ ูŠูุณูŽู…ู‘ููˆู†ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุจูุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุงุณู’ู…ูู‡ูŽุง ูŠูุนู’ุฒูŽูู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูุกููˆุณูู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนูŽุงุฒููู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุบูŽู†ู‘ููŠูŽุงุชู ูŠูŽุฎู’ุณููู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจูู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูŽ ูˆูŽูŠูŽุฌู’ุนูŽู„ู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑูŽุฏูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู†ูŽุงุฒููŠุฑูŽ โ€โ€โ€ โ€.โ€

[3]ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‡ูุดูŽุงู…ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽู…ู‘ูŽุงุฑู ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุตูŽุฏูŽู‚ูŽุฉู ุจู’ู†ู ุฎูŽุงู„ูุฏูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุจู’ู†ู ูŠูŽุฒููŠุฏูŽ ุจู’ู†ู ุฌูŽุงุจูุฑูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุทููŠู‘ูŽุฉู ุจู’ู†ู ู‚ูŽูŠู’ุณู ุงู„ู’ูƒูู„ุงูŽุจููŠู‘ูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุจู’ู†ู ุบูŽู†ู’ู…ู ุงู„ุฃูŽุดู’ุนูŽุฑููŠู‘ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ููŠ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุนูŽุงู…ูุฑู ู€ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ู…ูŽุงู„ููƒู ู€ ุงู„ุฃูŽุดู’ุนูŽุฑููŠู‘ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุฐูŽุจูŽู†ููŠ ุณูŽู…ูุนูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ูŽ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู โ€ย โ€œโ€ ู„ูŽูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุชููŠ ุฃูŽู‚ู’ูˆูŽุงู…ูŒ ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุญูู„ู‘ููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฑููŠุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูŽู…ู’ุฑูŽ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนูŽุงุฒูููŽุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูŠูŽู†ู’ุฒูู„ูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู‚ู’ูˆูŽุงู…ูŒ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽู†ู’ุจู ุนูŽู„ูŽู…ู ูŠูŽุฑููˆุญู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู’ ุจูุณูŽุงุฑูุญูŽุฉู ู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ุŒ ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠู‡ูู…ู’ ู€ ูŠูŽุนู’ู†ููŠ ุงู„ู’ููŽู‚ููŠุฑูŽ ู€ ู„ูุญูŽุงุฌูŽุฉู ููŽูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ููˆุง ุงุฑู’ุฌูุนู’ ุฅูู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง ุบูŽุฏู‹ุงโ€.โ€ ููŽูŠูุจูŽูŠู‘ูุชูู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽูŠูŽุถูŽุนู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู„ูŽู…ูŽุŒ ูˆูŽูŠูŽู…ู’ุณูŽุฎู ุขุฎูŽุฑููŠู†ูŽ ู‚ูุฑูŽุฏูŽุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุฎูŽู†ูŽุงุฒููŠุฑูŽ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ูŠูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ููŠูŽุงู…ูŽุฉู โ€โ€โ€โ€.โ€

[4]ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุตูŽุงู„ูุญู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุชู‘ูุฑู’ู…ูุฐููŠู‘ูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ููŽุฑูŽุฌู ุจู’ู†ู ููŽุถูŽุงู„ูŽุฉูŽ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ููŽุถูŽุงู„ูŽุฉูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽุงู…ููŠู‘ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุญู’ูŠูŽู‰ ุจู’ู†ู ุณูŽุนููŠุฏูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽู…ู’ุฑููˆ ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽู„ููŠู‘ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽู„ููŠู‘ู ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุทูŽุงู„ูุจูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… โ€โ€โ€ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ููŽุนูŽู„ูŽุชู’ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุชููŠ ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณูŽ ุนูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุฉูŽ ุฎูŽุตู’ู„ูŽุฉู‹ ุญูŽู„ู‘ูŽ ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุจูŽู„ุงูŽุกู โ€โ€โ€ โ€.โ€ ููŽู‚ููŠู„ูŽ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ู‡ูู†ู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ โ€โ€โ€ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุบู’ู†ูŽู…ู ุฏููˆูŽู„ุงู‹ ูˆูŽุงู„ุฃูŽู…ูŽุงู†ูŽุฉู ู…ูŽุบู’ู†ูŽู…ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุงู„ุฒู‘ูŽูƒูŽุงุฉู ู…ูŽุบู’ุฑูŽู…ู‹ุง ูˆูŽุฃูŽุทูŽุงุนูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌูู„ู ุฒูŽูˆู’ุฌูŽุชูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุนูŽู‚ู‘ูŽ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุจูŽุฑู‘ูŽ ุตูŽุฏููŠู‚ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฌูŽููŽุง ุฃูŽุจูŽุงู‡ู ูˆูŽุงุฑู’ุชูŽููŽุนูŽุชู ุงู„ุฃูŽุตู’ูˆูŽุงุชู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณูŽุงุฌูุฏู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฒูŽุนููŠู…ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุฃูŽุฑู’ุฐูŽู„ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃููƒู’ุฑูู…ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุฌูู„ู ู…ูŽุฎูŽุงููŽุฉูŽ ุดูŽุฑู‘ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุดูุฑูุจูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ุฎูู…ููˆุฑู ูˆูŽู„ูุจูุณูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฑููŠุฑู ูˆูŽุงุชู‘ูุฎูุฐูŽุชู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุนูŽุงุฒููู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุนูŽู†ูŽ ุขุฎูุฑู ู‡ูŽุฐูู‡ู ุงู„ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ููŽู„ู’ูŠูŽุฑู’ุชูŽู‚ูุจููˆุง ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฑููŠุญู‹ุง ุญูŽู…ู’ุฑูŽุงุกูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฎูŽุณู’ูู‹ุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽุณู’ุฎู‹ุง โ€โ€โ€ โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุนููŠุณูŽู‰ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุญูŽุฏููŠุซูŒ ุบูŽุฑููŠุจูŒ ู„ุงูŽ ู†ูŽุนู’ุฑูููู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุญูŽุฏููŠุซู ุนูŽู„ููŠู‘ู ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุทูŽุงู„ูุจู ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฌู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ู†ูŽุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู‹ุง ุฑูŽูˆูŽุงู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽุญู’ูŠูŽู‰ ุจู’ู†ู ุณูŽุนููŠุฏู ุงู„ุฃูŽู†ู’ุตูŽุงุฑููŠู‘ู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ุงู„ู’ููŽุฑูŽุฌู ุจู’ู†ู ููŽุถูŽุงู„ูŽุฉูŽ โ€.โ€ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ููŽุฑูŽุฌู ุจู’ู†ู ููŽุถูŽุงู„ูŽุฉูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุชูŽูƒูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ูููŠู‡ู ุจูŽุนู’ุถู ุฃูŽู‡ู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฏููŠุซู ูˆูŽุถูŽุนู‘ูŽููŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ู‚ูุจูŽู„ู ุญููู’ุธูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฏู’ ุฑูŽูˆูŽุงู‡ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽูƒููŠุนูŒ ูˆูŽุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฃูŽุฆูู…ู‘ูŽุฉู โ€.โ€

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.