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How To Calculate the Zakat if One Has a House on Mortgage

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Alimah Sofia Mirza

Question

I have some assets and I recently bought a house as well in the UK through a conventional mortgage. It is my understanding that the Zakat is due to be paid net of obligations. When I calculate the zakat next time around do I need to factor in the loan/mortgage that I have on the house (as the house is not considered for the purpose of Zakat computation)?

Many thanks for your guidance. Jazakallahu

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Answer:

The loan/debts a person has which is connected with the rights of other people excuses one from paying Zakat, the loans which have to pay should be deducted from the total wealth and anything which is extra equals to the Nisab of Zakat one will have to pay Zakat for it. If after deducting the loan amount the excess wealth does not equal to the Nisab it will not be Wajib to give Zakat.[1] Furthermore, if a person is paying off the loan in installments he will reduce this amount from his wealth only not the entire amount of the loan at one time and will determine if the excess wealth equals to Nisab he will have to give Zakat. [2]

In response to your question you will not include the loan/mortgage you have to pay off for the house when calculating Zakat but will subtract the loan and calculate Zakat for the rest of your assets.

Only Allah knows best

Written by Alimah Sofia Mirza

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

[1] Hidayah, Al Misbaah, Vol 1, Pg. 186.

[2] Fatawa Darul Ulum Zakariyyah, Vol 3, Pg. 129-131.

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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