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Is it safe to pray without washing off a lion cub’s saliva?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com
I bought a lion cub. I came to know that lion is also from cat family. So, basically, it is a big cat. It is tamed and domesticated and plays with me and licks me and I cannot stop it as it is very playful. Is it’s saliva pure as I only feed it halal raw meat? Can I pray and perform my religious duties without washing it’s saliva from my garments and skin?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 157/123/N=2/1439)

(1) Lion and its cub belong to the species of carnivore, rather the wild cat is also one of them and the saliva and the leftover food of beast is impure though their diet is not haram. Thus, the saliva of a cub is impure (Nijasat-e-Ghaliza, severe impurity). If it smears with your body or cloth then it shall turn impure, and in case, it spreads more than the depth of a palm (one rupee) then salah will not be valid without washing it. And if it is equal to the depth of the palm or less than it then salah will be valid with karahat. However, one should wash it and should not offer salah with impurity equal to one rupee or less than it. In case you want to do the tilawat of the Holy Quran or dhikr etc then too it is better to remove the impurity smeared with clothe or body first and then recite the Holy Quran.


وسؤر خنزير وكلب وسباع بهائم ومنه الهرة البرية ………….نجس مغلظ (الدر المختار مع رد المحتار ، كتاب الطهارة ، باب المياه ، 1: 282، 283، ط: مكتبة زكريا ديوبند)، قوله: “وسباع بهائم”: هي ما كان يصطاد بنابه كالأسد والذئب والفهد والنمبر والثعلب والفيل والضبع وأشباه ذلك ، سراج (رد المحتار)، وعفا الشارع عن قدر درهم ….وهو مثقال عشرون قيراطاً في نجس كثيف له جرم وعرض مقعر الكف ، ……في رقيق من مغلظة كعذرة آدمي ، وكذا كل ما خرج مه موجبا لوضوء أو غسل مغلظ الخ (الدر المختار مع رد المحتار، كتاب الطهارة ، باب الأنجاس، 1: 520-523)، والأقرب أن غسل الدرهم وما دونه مستحب مع العلم به والقدرة على غسله فتركه حينئ خلاف الأولى ، نعم الدرهم غسله آكد فتركه أشد كراهة كما يستفاد من غير ما كتاب من مشاهير كتب المذهب الخ (رد المحتار ، 1: 520، 521).

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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