How do I calculate the fidya of Salah & Fasts for two years?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

An elderly person missed an estimated amount of two years of salah and fasts, please can mufti email me the complete amount of fidya that has to be payed for both the missed salahs and fasts.It will be appreciated if mufti can please email me as soon as possible.شكرا جزيلا

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, the value of a fidya for each missed Salah and missed Fast will be calculated at the average rate of 1.6kgs of wheat in the area that you live in. [1]

Therefore, the fidya for each Salah will be the average price of 1.6kgs of wheat multiplied by six Salahs for each day (including witar) which is equal to:…………..multiplied by two years (730 days) which will give you the total amount.[2]

The fidya for each Fast will be the average price of 1.6kgs of wheat multiplied by 60 missed fasts for two years (2 Ramadhans) which will give you the total amount.

The method of calculating the average market rate of wheat is as follows:

  1. Calculate the wholesale price of wheat in your area of both whole grain wheat and refined wheat.
  2. Calculate the retail price of wheat in your area of both whole grain wheat and refined wheat.
  3. Add all four prices together and work out the average to give you the price that you should use to calculate the fidya with.

 

 

 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ismail Dawoodjee

Student Darul Iftaa
Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net 

اوزان شرعية ص37 ادارة المعارف [1]

دقيقه أو سويقه، أو صاع تمر أو زبيب أو شعير أو قيمته(ج2 ص72 سعيد)  (قوله نصف صاع من بر) أي أو من [2]

 (ولو مات وعليه صلوات فائتة وأوصى بالكفارة يعطى لكل صلاة نصف صاع من بر) كالفطرة (وكذا حكم الوتر) والصوم، وإنما يعطي (من ثلث ماله) (ج2 ص72 سعيد)

إذا مات الرجل وعليه صلوات فائتة فأوصى بأن تعطى كفارة صلواته يعطى لكل صلاة نصف صاع من بر وللوتر نصف صاع ولصوم يوم نصف صاع من ثلث ماله(ج1 ص125 رشيدية)

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