IslamQA

I missed 5 fasts, what should I do?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Im 40 years old. I missed 5 rozas 2 years back. Now I am in second ramazan but unable to keep those 5 missed fasts. Can i pay fidya or do i have to keep the missed fasts?

Please correct fidya is 1.6 kg of wheat?

Thanks Wsalam

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

As-salaamu `alaykum wa-ramatullahi wa-barakatuh.

If you missed your fasts of Ramadhaan, you will have to make qadhaa (make up) for the missed fasts by fasting. If you have good health, and you are able to fast, fidya for missed fasts is not valid. If you are unable to fast due to health reasons and there is no hope of recovery, then only fidya can be given for the missed fasts. In that case, the fidya is 1.6kg of wheat or it`s equivalent value in your area. [i]

You state that you missed the fasts. If you missed the fasts by breaking the fasts without a valid reason in Shariah, then kaffarah too will be compulsory which is 60 consecutive fasts.[ii]

 

And Allah Ta`ala Knows Best.

Hussein Muhammad.

Student Darul Iftaa

Tanzania

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[i]

فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَنْ كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَر

“Therefore whoever of you is present in the month (of Ramadan), he must fast therein; and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he must fast) a (like) number of other days” Suratul Baqara, Verse 185.

قوله نصف صاع من بر) أي أو من

دقيقه أو سويقه، أو صاع تمر أو زبيب أو شعير أو قيمته، وهي أفضل عندنا لإسراعها بسد حاجة الفقير

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار)) Vol 2, Pg 72, 73

Fataawa Mahmudiyya, Vol 15, Pg 210. Maktaba Mahmudiyya.

Awzaan e shariah, Pg 62, Idaratul Ma`aarif.

App ke masa1il or un ka hal, vol 3, pg 329

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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