Qadha of Sajdah Tilawah

How to perform sajdatul tilawah? Whatt happens if I have years of sajdatul tilawah I didn’t do, is it qadha

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

There are 14 Sajdah Tilawat in The Quran which are indicated by the word ‘As Sajdah’ shown in the margin and also on the specific verse. The 14 verses are as follows,

1) Surah Al A’Raf (7) Ayat 206
2) Surah Al Ra’d (13) Ayat 15
3) Surah Al Nahl (16) Ayat 50
4) Surah Bani Israeel (17) Ayat 109
5) Surah Maryam (19) Ayat 58
6) Surah Al Haj (22) Ayat 18
7) Surah Al Furqan (25) Ayat 60
8) Surah Al Naml (27) Ayat 26
9) Surah As Sajdah (32) Ayat 15
10) Surah Saad (38) Ayat 24
11) Surah Hameem Sajdah (41) Ayat 38
12) Surah Al Najam (53) Ayat 62
13) Surah Inshiqaq (84) Ayat 21
14) Surah Al Alaq (96) Ayat 19

When one recites or hears any of these verses, it is necessary (wajib) to perform sajdah tilawat. One should try to perform the sajdah as soon as possible. In the case that one forgot, it would remain necessary (wajib) to perform it.[1]

The procedure of Sajidah Tilawat is;                                                            In the state of Wudhu stand up and say: ‘Allahu Akbar’ without raising the hands.                                                                                                            Then go straight down into Sajdah; read ‘Subhaana Rabbiyal A’ala‘ three times.                                                                                                          Arise out of Sajdah and ‘whilst standing up say; ‘Allahu Akbar’. There is no Tasleem (Salaam) after standing up. Although it is better to begin and end this Sajdah from a standing position, it is also correct to commence and terminate it from the Jalsa (sitting) position[2].

Sajdatut Tilawat is prohibited whilst the sun is rising, precisely at noon, and from the time the color of the sun changes before sunset until the sun has fully set.

You should average the amount of Quran you read without doing Sajdah Tilawah and accordingly perform the missed Sajdahs as soon as possible. A person will be regarded as a sinner if he never performs the missed Sajdahs.[3]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Arshad Ali

Student Darul Iftaa
Trinidad

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

http://www.daruliftaa.net/


[1] حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 480)

قوله: “فتجب فورية فيها” حتى لو أطال التلاوة تصير قضاء ويأثم فيكره تحريما

 

[2] مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 498)

وكيفيتها أن يسجد سجدة واحدة” كائنة “بين تكبيرتين” تكبيرة للوضع وتكبيرة للرفع “هما سنتان” كذا قال في مبسوط فخر الإسلام التكبير ليس بواجب وصححه في البدائع “بلا رفع يد” إذ لا تحريم لها والتكبير للانحطاط “ولا تشهد” لعدم وروده “ولا تسليم”

 

[3] It is not necessary for a person to make Wasiyyah for Fidyah for the missed Sajdahs.

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق (5/ 45)

وَفِي الْقُنْيَةِ وَلَا يَجِبُ عَلَى الْمُحْتَضَرِ الْإِيصَاءُ بِسَجْدَةِ التِّلَاوَةِ وَقِيلَ يَجِبُ

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 103)

ولا يجب على المحتضر الإيصاء بها وقيل يجب قنية، والثاني بالقواعد أليق نهر؛ والظاهر أنه يخرج عنها كصلاة فرض أو صوم يوم لأنه المعهود تأمل رحمتي ثم رأيته مصرحا به في التتارخانية مع تصحيح عدم الوجوب.

 

التاترخانية 2/483

والصحيح أنه لا يجب.