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Is There Anything Detailed Written on Cutting Hair and Nails Before Qurbani?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Alimah Zakiratul Hoque

Question:

Is there anything detailed written on cutting hair and nails before Qurbani and preferably discussions on other schools as well?

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Answer:

The Sunnah of not cutting the hair or nails for the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah comes from the following Hadith:

Umm Salama (RA), the wife of Allah’s Messenger , reported Allah’s Messenger ﷺ to have said: “He who has a sacrificial animal with him whom (he intends) to offer as sacrifice, and he enters the month of Dhu’I-Hijja, he should not get his hair cut or nails trimmed until he has sacrificed the animal.” (Sahih Muslim, 1977).

Similarly, it was narrated in Abu Dawood:

Umm Salamah (RA) narrated: “The Prophet as saying: If anyone has sacrificial animal and intends to sacrifice it, and he sights the new moon of Dhul-Hajjah, he must not take any of his hair and nails until he sacrifices.” (Sunan Abu Dawood, 2791)

In the Shaf’ee Madhab, there are two opinions regarding removing the hair and nails: one that it is Haram and another that it is Makruh Tanzeehi (Sharhun-Nawawi Ala Muslim, Pg 1257).

Multiple opinions are narrated by Imam Malik, including the opinion that it is Makruh, and the opinion that it is not Makruh (Sharhun-Nawawi Ala Muslim, Pg 1257).

According to Imam Abu Hanifah, it is not Makruh to cut the nails or remove hair (Sharhun-Nawawi Ala Muslim, Pg 1257; Fathul Mulhim, Vol 9, Pg 486).

The reason why Muslims should refrain from cutting their hair and nails could be to that ensure that all parts of the body are present to be saved from the Hellfire. It has also been narrated that the reason is to resemble the Haajis (Sharhun-Nawawi Ala Muslim, Pg 1257; Fathul Mulhim, Vol 9, Pg 486).

Therefore, Muslims who intend to do Qurbani should refrain from clipping their nails and trimming their hair until the sacrifice is slaughtered, to act upon Hadith above. However, it is not compulsory to do so, according to the Hanafi Madhab.

عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ عَمَّارِ بْنِ أُكَيْمَةَ اللَّيْثِيِّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ، زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ ذِبْحٌ يَذْبَحُهُ فَإِذَا أُهِلَّ هِلاَلُ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَلاَ يَأْخُذَنَّ مِنْ شَعْرِهِ وَلاَ مِنْ أَظْفَارِهِ شَيْئًا حَتَّى يُضَحِّيَ

سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ، تَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ ذِبْحٌ يَذْبَحُهُ فَإِذَا أَهَلَّ هِلاَلُ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَلاَ يَأْخُذَنَّ مِنْ شَعْرِهِ وَلاَ مِنْ أَظْفَارِهِ شَيْئًا حَتَّى يُضَحِّيَ ‏

وقال سعيد بن المسيب و ربيعة و أحمد و إسحاق و داود و بعض أصحاب الشافعي : أنه يحرم عليه أخذ شيء من شعره و أظفاره حتي يضحي في وقت الأضحية . و قال الشافعي و أصحابه : مو مكروه كراهة تنزيه و ليس بحرام و قال أبو حنيفة : لا يكره . و قال مالك في رواية : لا يكره و في رواية : يكره و في رواية : يحرم يحرم في التطوع دون الواجب ، و احتج من حرم بهذه الأحاديث

قال أصحابنا : و الحكمة في النهي أن يبقي كامل الأجزاء ليعتق من النار ، و قيل التشبه بالمحرم و هو الذي نسبه كثير من العلماء إلي أبي حنيفة أن لا يقول بحرمة الأخذ و لا بكراهته

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Only Allah knows best.

Written by Alimah Zakiratul Hoque

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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