If one is fasting and perfumes oneself and accidentally inhales some of the perfume, will it br
Answered by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari
If one is fasting and perfumes oneself and accidentally inhales some of the perfume, will it break the fast? Will Qadha have to be made?
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
Ones fast does not break by wearing, feeling or smelling fragrance. As such, it is permitted to apply perfume (itr), deodorant, or spays whilst in the state of fasting. However, if one was to intentionally inhale something that has a perceptible body, such as smoke, then ones fast would become invalid.
It is stated in Maraqi al-Falah:
If one inhaled fragrance by intentionally drawing it towards ones self and smelling its smoke, whilst remembering that one is fasting, then ones fast would become invalid ..This is something regarding which many people are neglectful, hence people should become alert and not consider it (inhaling something that has a perceptible body) similar to smelling rose, its water and musk. There is clear difference between smelling the fragrance of musk and other perfumes and between something that has a perceptible body like smoke entering ones inside intentionally. (Maraqi al-Falah with Hashiya al-Tahtawi, P: 660)
Therefore, if one was to deliberately inhale through ones nose a perfume that has a perceptible body such as the smoke of Loban or the smoke of that which is known in the Indian Subcontinent as Aghar Batti, then ones fast would become invalid. Similarly, if one intentionally sprays perfume in the nose and inhales it, ones fast would break.
However, there are two things that need to be remembered here:
Firstly, in order for ones fast to become invalid, one has to inhale the smoke intentionally and deliberately. If the smoke of a perfume entered through ones nose or throat unintentionally, then ones fast will not break. (Maraqi al-Falah, P: 660)
Secondly, in the situation where ones fast does become invalid (i.e. when one deliberately inhales something that has a perceptible body), one will only have to make up for the fast later (qadha) but a expiation (kaffara) will not be necessary. (ibid)
In light of the above explanation, if one accidentally inhaled perfume, then ones fast will not become invalid. However, if one intentionally and deliberately sprayed the perfume (that has a perceptible body) in the nose and inhaled it, then the fast would become invalid, hence one will have to make up for the fast later.
And Allah knows best
Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari
Darul Iftaa, Leicester, UK