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Inheritance and wills: Does a sinful or disobedient child inherit? Can they be barred?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What is the ruling on inheritance rights of a son from his father, if the son has been disobedient, not looking after him, and even acted violently towards his father? Is he entitled to the same share of a son who is obedient?

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

The inheritance portions have been allotted by Allah Most High, and are due to any child, even if deviant, disobedient, and sinful, except in very rare circumstances such as apostasy or if they kill the parent.

It is obligatory for every Muslim to take the means to ensure that their wealth will be distributed in accordance with the command of Allah. The importance of this is made clear when we realize that the laws of inheritance were explained by Allah Most High himself in the Qur’an in detail.

In non-Muslim countries this cannot normally be ensured without having a proper will specifying that one’s wealth be distributed according to Islamic law. It is thus religiously obligatory and binding upon every Muslim in a non-Muslim country to have such a will, and to keep it up to date.

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Faraz Rabbani

A 6-Step Guide to Making Your Will

This answer was indexed from Qibla.com, which used to have a repository of Islamic Q&A answered by various scholars. The website is no longer in existence. It has now been transformed into a learning portal with paid Islamic course offering under the brand of Kiflayn.

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