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The inheritance of adopted children

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by TheMufti.com
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Q. As salaamualaikum, I am an adopted child, I grew up learning that adopted children do no inherit after the demise of the parents who adopted them. I was recently told something else which brings me to my question below.

Question: If a couple has no children of their own and adopts children, is it true that those children would inherit upon the demise of the parents who adopted them as if they were the parent’s biological children? 

And if parents have their own children and choose to adopt still then those children who were adopted do NOT inherit from the parents who adopted them?

Please clarify the fatwa on inheritance of adopted children relating to the question above.


A. An adopted child does not inherit a fix share of inheritance from his/her adoptive parents irrespective if their adoptive parents have biological children or not. However, the adoptive parents are entitled to make a bequest up to one third of their estate to their adopted child/ren after their demise or gift to him/her whatever they wish during their lifetime.

The absence or presence of biological children does not hold any bearing of entitlement to a fix share of inheritance for an adopted child.

Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

This answer was collected from TheMufti.com, which is a fatwa portal managed by Mufti Ismaeel Bassa from South Africa.

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