Purchasing a vehicle through the bank

Q:

1. I would like to purchase a vehicle but I do not have the capital. Can I purchase it through the bank with a fixed price?

2. Is medical aid and hospital plan permissible? If not please advise what is the alternative.

Bismillaah

A:

1. Purchasing through the bank is impermissible due to the element of interest being found. Even if the price is fixed by the bank, then too it will not be permissible. The reason for the impermissibility is that the bank provides the client with the loan and charges him an additional amount when paying back the loan. For example, the car is being sold for R200 000. The bank then charges the client R300 000. The additional R100 000 over and above the loan is interest. Hence, even if this amount is fixed, since it is over and above the loan it is interest and hence haraam.

2. There is no difference between the workings of a medical aid scheme, hospital plan and an insurance policy. In the event of an accident the insurance company will  settle the bills either more than the invested amount or less. Similar is the case with regard to the medical aid schemes and hospital plans. In the event of illness they will settle the bills. Hence, since the elements of qimaar (gambling) and interest are found in all (medical aid scheme, hospital plan and the insurance policy) it is impermissible for one to involve himself in it.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ الرِّبَا لَا يَقُومُونَ إِلَّا كَمَا يَقُومُ الَّذِي يَتَخَبَّطُهُ الشَّيْطَانُ مِنَ الْمَسِّ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا الْبَيْعُ مِثْلُ الرِّبَا وَأَحَلَّ اللَّـهُ الْبَيْعَ وَحَرَّمَ الرِّبَا فَمَن جَاءَهُ مَوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِ فَانتَهَىٰ فَلَهُ مَا سَلَفَ وَأَمْرُهُ إِلَى اللَّـهِ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ ﴿البقرة: ٢٧٥﴾

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ ﴿المائدة: ٩٠﴾

عن جابر رضي الله عنه قال لعن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم آكل الربا وموكله وكاتبه وشاهديه وقال هم سواء رواه مسلم ( مشكوٰة المصابيح ص244)

عن أبي هريرة عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال ليأتين على الناس زمان لا يبقى أحد إلا أكل الربا فإن لم يأكله أصابه من بخاره ويروى من غباره رواه أحمد وأبو داود والنسائي وابن ماجه ( مشكوٰة المصابيح ص245)

وعن عبد الله بن حنظلة غسيل الملائكة قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم درهم ربا يأكله الرجل وهو يعلم أشد من ستة وثلاثين زنية رواه أحمد والدراقطني وروى البيهقي في شعب الإيمان عن ابن عباس وزاد وقال من نبت لحمه من السحت فالنار أولى به ( مشكوٰة المصابيح ص245)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)