What animal does ‘namir’ refer to?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

وَلَا تَصْحَبُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ رُفْقَةً فِيهَا جِلْدُ نَمِرٍ

Does نمر mean leopard or tiger?



Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “The angels do not accompany any group of travellers that have with them the skin of a namir.”



The word namir is explained to be a predatory cat that; has a fierce rivalry with the lion – despite its smaller size, is able to cover long distances in a single leap and whose skin is covered in black dots.

(Sharh Ibn Raslan, Hadith: 4129)


The linguists explain numrah to be a pattern of spots, and the reason that the cat is named after it because of its spotted skin. (Lisanul Arab; Al Qamusul Muhit; Tajul ‘Arus)


From the above, it would seem that the word namir would better describe a leopard than a tiger. It is important to note than the prohibition of wearing the skin or hide of a predatory animal is not necessarily exclusive to the leopard, as Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) prohibited us from wearing the skins of all predatory animals.

(Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 4131)


Please do confirm the fiqh of these Hadiths with a reputable, Mufti/Darul Ifta.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar

This answer was collected from The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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