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Donating towards COVID-19 crisis using Zakaat funds

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DaruliftaaZambia.com

Question

Is donating towards the COVID crisis in the UK or elsewhere Zakaat illegible?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Sharī`ah has stipulated clear guidelines with regards to the payment of Zakat. Among the fundamental conditions for the fulfilment of Zakat is tamlik, which means that the ownership of the Zakat amount must be transferred over to the eligible recipient.

Therefore, if a person is an eligible recipient of zakat i.e. muslim, poor and needy, one may assist him with zakat money regardless of being affected with the covid-19 crisis or not. However, Zakat money cannot be used for building hospitals, buying test kits, ventilators or any other medical supplies which shall not be given solely to the poor. Similarly, Zakaat funds cannot be given to fundraising drives which are not designed to cater only for the poor.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Checked and Approved by
Mufti Nabeel Valli.

Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah
Lusaka, Zambia

____________________

كنز الدقائق (ص: 203)

هي تمليك المال من فقيرٍ مسلمٍ

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 344)

ويشترط أن يكون الصرف (تمليكا) لا إباحة كما مر (لا) يصرف (إلى بناء) نحو (مسجد)

 

(1/ 121) الاختيار لتعليل المختار

لأن التمليك لا يتم بدون القبض ولا يبنى بها مسجد ولا سقاية ولا قنطرة ولا رباط، ولا يكفن بها ميت، ولا يقضى بها دين ميت، ولا يشترى بها رقبة تعتق لعدم التمليك ; ولو قضى بها دين فقير جاز، ويكون القابض كالوكيل عن الفقير

 

فتاوى عثمانية،  جلد-٣، ص-٣٣٩

شررعي نقطہ نظر سے زكوة كى ادا ئیگي کے ليے تمليک ضروري ے

 

This answer was collected from Daruliftaazambia.com, which serves as a gateway to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah – Lusaka, Zambia.

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