|Marriage with a Murtad
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
When the husband or wife becomes a murtad (apostate) the marriage breaks straight away. There is no need for a Qadhi or Islamic Sharee Council to annul the marriage. (Raddul Muhtar p.366 v.4 & Hidayah p.348 v.2)
If your wife decides to become a Muslim again then the fatwa or ruling is that she will be obliged to re-marry you again and she will not be allowed to marry anyone besides you. The wisdom behind this ruling was so that a woman may not use the avenue of becoming a murtad in order to free herself from the marriage if other alternatives such as an Islamic Sharee Council refuses to annul her marriage etc… (Raddul Muhtar p.367 v.4 & Fatawa Hindiyyah p.362 v.1) Therefore if she becomes a Muslim afterwards it is not obligatory for you to remarry again.
Finnally, the three divorces, which you gave her after she became a Murtad, would not be executed as the marriage had broken.
Only Allah Knows Best
Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham
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Marriage with a Murtad
This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.