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Fines for late-coming students.

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

Assalamu Alaikum Mufti Saheb,

There is a ladies madarsah in our city collecting fine from late comers and absented students. Then they give this money to the poor people as sadaqah with the intention of passing rewards to the owner of this money. Is it permissible in Islam?

What is the alternate punishment for those students if the above is not permissible?

Jazakallahu Khiran Fid Daraini


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.


As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.


Monetary fines are impermissible.[i] You may implement alternative forms of penalty such as detention or excluding the pupil from class activities or giving extra homework etc.


And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best


Saanwal ibn Muhammad,

Student Darul Iftaa


Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai Saheb


[i] وَفِي شَرْحِ الْآثَارِ التَّعْزِيرُ بِالْمَالِ كَانَ فِي ابْتِدَاءِ الْإِسْلَامِ ثُمَّ نُسِخَ. اهـ. وَالْحَاصِلُ أَنَّ الْمَذْهَبَ عَدَمُ التَّعْزِيرِ بِأَخْذِ الْمَالِ،

(البحر الرائق، ج5، ص44، دار الكتاب الإسلامي)


وَالْحَاصِلُ أَنَّ الْمَذْهَبَ عَدَمُ التَّعْزِيرِ بِأَخْذِ الْمَالِ

(رد المحتار، ج4، ص61، دار الفكر)

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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