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The difference between a mosque and a prayer area for menstruating woman and their permissibili

Answered as per Shafi'i Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Amjad Rasheed
Translated by Ustadha Shazia Ahmad

Is it permissible for a menstruating woman to enter a mosque? What if she wants to attend a nikah (wedding) or a lesson of sacred knowledge in it? And what if she teaches in the mosque?

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

First, we must differentiate between a prayer-area and a mosque, for a mosque is that which an owner has given as a waqf [s. endowment] so the ownership leaves him and is passed on to the ownership of Allah, Most High.

As for the prayer-area, it is a place whose owner has given permission to people to pray there without having given it as a waqf to make it a mosque, which is done often in the case of large establishments and building complexes. So as for the mosque, it is haram for a menstruating woman to stay in a mosque whether she fears soiling it with blood or not, or even if she is in it because of a lesson of knowledge, or teaching or attending a nikah or anything else. It’s all haram.

It is permissible for a menstruating woman to pass through a mosque if she believes that she won’t soil it with blood, and passing through means that she enters from one door and exits from another. As for entering and exiting from the same door, that is prohibited because it takes on the ruling of ‘staying’ in the mosque.

As for the prayer-area that I have described, the aforementioned rulings of the mosque do not apply to it, so it is permissible for a menstruating woman to enter it for a need such as attending a gathering of knowledge or a nikah or even when there is no need.

Amjad Rasheed

(Translated by Shazia Ahmad)

السؤال: هل يجوز للحائض أن تدخل المسجد ؟ كيف لو كان فيه عقد نكاح أو درس علمي ؟ وكيف لو كانت هي تدرس فيه ؟ الجواب : لا بد أولاً من التفريق بين المسجد والمصلى , فالمسجد هو المكان الذي وقفه مالكه مسجداً فيخرج عن ملكه وينتقل ملكه إلى الله تعالى , وأما المصلى فهو المكان الذي أذن صاحبه للناس بالصلاة فيه دون وقف له على أنه مسجد كما يحصل كثيراً في المؤسسات والمجمعات الكبيرة . فالمسجد يحرم على الحائض المكث فيه سواء خافت تلويثه بالدم أم لا , وسواء كان الدخول لحضور درس علم أو تدريس أو عقد نكاح أو غير ذلك فكله حرام . ويجوز للحائض المرور في المسجد إن أمنت تلويثه بالدم , والمرور هو أن تدخل من باب وتخرج من باب آخر , أما الدخول من باب والخروج من نفس الباب فيحرم لأن له حكم المكث . أما المصلى الذي وصفته فليس له حكم المسجد فيما مر فيجوز للحائض دخوله لحاجة كحضور مجلس علم وعقد نكاح أو لغير حاجة .


This answer was indexed from Qibla.com, which used to have a repository of Islamic Q&A answered by various scholars. The website is no longer in existence. It has now been transformed into a learning portal with paid Islamic course offering under the brand of Kiflayn.

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