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Fast and swallowing water

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Seekersguidance.org
Question:  It was about 2 and a half minutes before Fajr time, so I rushed to brush my teeth and wash my face. After washing my face for the last time, I rinsed my mouth and gargled the water to make sure there was no food. I believe I also swallowed some water. I left the bathroom, checked my phone, and saw it was time for Fajr. After this, I was wondering whether or not my fast was invalidated?

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum, I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Jazakum Allah khayr for your question!

No, your fast was not invalidated because you were unsure whether or not you have swallowed water at all in the first place and because even if you had swallowed water, you were unsure whether or not this swallowing happened after the entering of the Fajr time.

“Certainty is not lifted by a doubt.”

[Ibn Nujaym, al-Ashbah wa’l Nadha’ir; Majallat al-Ahkam al-`Adiliyya]

This means that if one is certain about something, such as the validity of our worship, with this being the basic assumption for all human actions, then we will keep assuming it valid until certain that it was not. Mere possibilities and even likelihoods do not change this.

And Allah knows best.

May  Allah Most High grant you the best of this world and the next. Please keep us in your du’as!


[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

This answer was collected from Seekersguidance.org. It’s an online learning platform overseen by Sheikh Faraz Rabbani. All courses are free. They also have in-person classes in Canada.

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