Q. Is circumcision in Islam compulsory or sunnah? Other than hygiene being the main factor for its occurrence, are there any other factors? Also, why do some countries allow female circumcision? And what are some reasons why females are not circumcised?
A. Circumcision in Islam is not compulsory. It is Mustahab (commendable) for males, and is in accordance to the teachings of Islam.
Female circumcision as done in some countries, is not based on a religious practice or law. It is based upon the customs and practices of the females living in that country.
Females may not chose to do circumcision because it is not a religious law and teaching for them in Islam, and it also does not have any factor of hygienic for women.
And Allah knows best.
Mufti Waseem Khan