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Can a Group of Musafir Stop in Any Town and Read Their Own Jummah Amongst Themselves?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Mohammed Dilwar Hussain


Can a group of Musafir stop in any town and read their own jummah amongst themselves?

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


There are 4 conditions for the fulfilment of Salatul Jumu’ah;

-That it be held in a town/city

-At the time of Salatul Zuhr

-With a 2-part Khutbah

-In a large congregation. According to the Hanafi school, there must be at least 3 Mussalis present with the Imam making the fourth person present

[Al-Hidāyah: volume 1 pages 177-179] [1]

Salatul Jumuah is not necessary for five types of people;

-A traveller

-A woman

-An ill person

-A slave

-A blind person

[Al-Hidāyah: volume 1 page 179] [2]

From there, we understand that Salatul Jumu’ah would not be necessary for travellers to fulfil. However, if it is possible for them to perform Salatul Jumu’ah then it would be better if they attended the Masjid and prayed with a larger congregation. If this is not possible, and the group have enough people to meet the conditions set out above, then it would be permissible for them to pray by themselves.

Only Allah knows best.

Written by Maulana Mohammed Dilwar Hussain

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

[1]لا تصح الجمعة إلا في مصر جامع أو في مصلى المصر.

ومن شرائطها: الوقت فتصح في وقت الظهر، ولا تصح بعده.

ومنها: الخطبة لأن النبي (ص) ما صلاها بدون الخطبة في عمره

ومن شرائطها: الجماعة لأن الجمعة مشتقّة منها، وأقلّهم عند أبي حنيفة ثلاثة سوى الإمام.

[2]ولا تجب الجمعة على مسافر ولا امرأة ولا مريض ولا عبد ولا أعمى لأن المسافر يخرج في الحضور، وكذا المريض والأعمى

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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