Is sperm donation allowed?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

my question is  simple andshort that i want to know that is sperm donating allowed or not ? i mean being a asperm donor  ?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Allah Ta’ālā says in the Holy Qur’ān:

وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا

And We bestowed dignity on the children of ‘Adam and provided them with rides on the land and in the sea, and provided them with a variety of good things and made them much superior to many of those We created.[1]

This verse outlines the fact that Allah Ta’ālā has granted man superiority over others and further given him status and honor in front of all other creations. As such, each part of a man also deserves utmost respect due to this sanctity bestowed to humankind by Allah the Almighty. Based on this verse, many fuqahā have deduced that it is impermissible for someone to use any part of a human for personal benefit regardless of what part it may be, externally or internally.[2]

Islam seeks to maintain and protect the lineage of every individual. Since the primary purpose of sperm donation is to facilitate artificial insemination for women who seek to bear children without either having to engage in marriage or are unable to conceive through natural means,[3] this process leads to confusion in the establishment of lineage. This is against the fundamental objectives of Sharī’ah and creates complications in other rulings of Sharī’ah.

Further, sperm banks and agencies usually pay ‘donors’ a sum of money for their contribution[4] whereas Shari’ah does not permit the sale of any part of the human body.[5]

In light of all this, it is impermissible to donate sperm to any bank, agency or individual, regardless of whether it is given free of charge or in exchange for some form of remuneration.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Nabeel Valli

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net 

 

 

 


[1] Al-Quran, Surah al-Isrā (17):70

 

[2]م: (وحرمة الانتفاع بأجزاء الآدمي لكرامته) ش: يتعلق بقوله: أو الآدمي، والمعنى بخلاف جلد الخنزير فإنه لا يطهر بالدباغ لنجاسة عينه، وجلد الآدمي لكرامته؛ لأن الله تعالى كرمه، وفي استعمال جلده ابتذال له

(البناية شرح الهداية، ج ١، ص ٣١٢، المكتبة الحقانية)

[5]   الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (5/ 58) [أيج أيم سعيد]

وَالْآدَمِيُّ مُكَرَّمٌ شَرْعًا وَإِنْ كَانَ كَافِرًا فَإِيرَادُ الْعَقْدِ عَلَيْهِ وَابْتِذَالُهُ بِهِ وَإِلْحَاقُهُ بِالْجَمَادَاتِ إذْلَالٌ لَهُ.

 

Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, vol. 18, pg. 335-339, Darul Iftaa Jami’ah Faruqiyyah

 

Kitabul Fatawa, vol. 6, pg. 213, Zam Zam Publishers

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