Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Badāt
Am I permitted, according to our religion, Islam, to donate my organs?
Organ donation has been debated extensively in pre-modern and contemporary times. A number of Fiqh Academies across the globe, such as the Islamic Fiqh Assembly of the Muslim World League in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, have concluded that organ donation is permissible to save a life. The organ can be donated from one that is alive or one that is deceased. There are a number of conditions attached to the permissibility of organ donation, such as the below mentioned:
The process of organ donation must uphold the dignity and honour of the human body
The donor should not be adversely affected in health and normal life by donating the organ
The organ cannot be sold
The donor must willingly give permission to donate the organ
There must be a genuine need to save or restore life
(See: Fiqh al Ḥalāl wa al Ḥarām by Muftī Khālid Saifullāh Al-Raḥmānī)
And Allāh Knows Best
This answer was collected from Mathabah.org. It’s an Islamic educational institute based in Canada. The questions are generally answered by Sheikh Yusuf Badat and Sheikh Omar Subedar.