Awrah of a woman; Bad omens

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

two questions please:

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first what is the awrah of a slave woman?

second in the hadith about bad omen i have read narrations saying the prophet pbuh was saying it was a jew belief at the time and he did not say that there are bad omen in those things

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1.  The Awarah (area which must be covered) of a slave woman is from the navel area to the knees including her stomach and back.[1]

2. Superstitious beliefs/bad omens have no basis in Islam. Rasulullah ﷺ says:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: لاَ عَدْوَى وَلاَ طِيَرَةَ، وَلاَ هَامَةَ وَلاَ صَفَرَ (صحيح البخاري: ٥٧٥٧)

Translation: It has been narrated from Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu) that Rasulullah said: (There is) no ‘Adwa (no contagious disease is conveyed without Allah’s permission), nor is there any bad omen (from birds), nor is there any Hamah, nor is there any bad omen in the month of Safar.

As Muslims we believe in Taqdeer (destiny). Everything, good and bad, happens exclusively by the command of Almighty Allah. Nothing can or will happen unless it is decreed by Allah.

Rasulullah ﷺ says:

قال: فأخبرني عن الإيمان، قال: أن تؤمن بالله، وملائكته، وكتبه، ورسله، واليوم الآخر، وتؤمن بالقدر خيره وشره (صحيح مسلم: ٨) ……..

Translation: …… He (the inquirer) said: Inform me about Iman (faith). He (Rasulullah ) replied: That you affirm your faith in Allah, in His angels, in His Books, in His Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, and you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree (of Allah) about good and evil. (Sahih Muslim: 8)

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abdullah Syed Sajid

Student Darul Iftaa
Houston, TX, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

____


[1] البناية شرح الهداية (2/ 132) 

وما كان عورة من الرجل فهو عورة من الأمة …….

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ومنحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري (1/ 287)

(قوله: والأمة كالرجل وظهرها وبطنها عورة)

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 46)

وما كان عورة من الرجل فهو عورة من الأمة وبطنهاه وظهرها عورة وما سوى ذلك من بدنها ليس بعورة

 

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