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Trimming the beard

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: I am keeping a fist length beard Insha Allah as it is wajib. However I want to ask a question just out of curiosity regarding trimming the beard slightly shorter than a fist. Most Deobandi Ulama say it is Makrooh e Tahrimi, and if done continously it is a major sin. However in Shah Hakeem Akhtar Sahib’s book it was written that to cut even a few millimetres of the beard shorter than a fist is GUNAH KABEERA (major sin)? So do you agree with Hakeem Akhtar sahib’s statement?

Bismillaah

A: According to the Ulama it is waajib to grow the beard to the extent of one fist from all sides. Cutting or trimming it less than a fist is impermissible. It is reported in the Hadith that two Persian messengers (who were sent from the Persian king Kisraa with a message for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once came to Madinah Munawwarah. They both had shaved their beards and lengthened their moustaches. Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was displeased to see them in this condition. Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam then asked them “Who had commanded you to shave off your beards and lengthen your moustaches?” They replied, “Our king Kisraa had commanded us to do this”. Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam then said,”My Lord had commanded me to lengthen the beard and shorten the moustache”.

It is reported from Ibn Umar Radiallahu Anhu that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasalllam Said, “Oppose the non Muslims by lengthening the beards and shortening the moustaches.” Ibn Umar Radiallahu Anhu used to trim his beard after it reached a fist length. The Sahaabah are the criteria in understanding Deen and the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, hence, we understand that trimming or cutting the beard before one fist is impermissible.

Refer to the attached document which explains the importance of the beard in Deen as well as the verdicts of the four madhabs in regard to the beard.

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

ولا بأس بنتف الشيب و أخذ أطراف اللحية والسنة فيها القبضة … ولذا يحرم على الرجل قطع لحيته (الدر المختار 6/406)

( لا ) يكره … تطويل اللحية إذا كانت بقدر المسنون وهو القبضة … وأما الأخذ منها وهي دون ذلك كما يفعله بعض المغاربة ومخنثة الرجال فلم يبحه أحد وأخذ كلها فعل يهود الهند ومجوس الأعاجم (الدر المختار 2/417-418)

رقم5892 -عن ابن عمر عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال خالفوا المشركين وفروا اللحى وأحفوا الشوارب وكان ابن عمر إذا حج أو اعتمر قبض على لحيته فما فضل أخذه (بخاري)

ودخلا على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وقد حلقا لحاهما وأعفيا شواربهما فكره النظر إليهما وقال ” ويلكما من أمركما بهذا ؟ ” قالا أمرنا ربنا – يعنيان كسرى – فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ” ولكن ربي أمرني باعفاء لحيتي وقص شاربي (البداية والنهاية 6/486)

السيرة الحلبية 3/246

فتاوى رحيمية 10/108

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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