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Waajib Qurbaani on behalf of someone else without his Permission

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: Last year qurbaani was waajib on me. However, I was not aware of it. Nevertheless, my father has performed qurbaani for me with his money. Will it suffice for my waajib Qurbaani. If not, do I have to do to rectify my mistake?

Waajib Qurbaani on behalf of someone else without his Permission

A: The qurbaani is not done since it was done without your consent. It must be repeated if it was waajib upon you. Give the equivalent of one qurbaani in sadaqah.

إذا ضحى بشاة نفسه عن غيره بأمر ذلك الغير أو بغير أمره لا تجوز لأنه لا يمكن تجويز التضحية عن الغير إلا بإثبات الملك لذلك الغير في الشاة ولن يثبت الملك له في الشاة إلا بالقبض ولم يوجد قبض الآمر هاهنا لا بنفسه ولا بنائبه كذا في الذخيرة (الفتاوى الهندية 5/302)

وإن لم يشتر مثلها حتى مضت أيامها تصدق بقيمتها لأن الإراقة إنما عرفت قربة في زمان مخصوص (رد المحتار 6/320)

 

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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