What is the difference between haram and makrooh?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta Deoband Waqf
What is the status of cigarettes in Islam, and what is the difference between haram and makrooh?


Ref. No. 1009/41-191

In the name of Allah the most Gracious the most Merciful

The answer to your question is as follows:

There is no difference between Haram and Makrooh Tahrimi in practice, but there is a difference in evidence. Haram means something that is proved by definite evidence, while Makrooh-e Tahrimi means something that is proved by indefinite evidence. Yes, Makrooh-e Tanzihi, which means something that is not desirable though not sinful, is close to Halal, but it is better to avoid it. The prohibition of cigarette smoking is not proved by definite evidence, so it is called Makrooh and not Haram.

المکروہ الی الحرام اقرب، و نص محمد ان کل مکروہ حرام وانما لم یطلق علیہ لفظ الحرام لانہ لم یجد فیہ نصا قطعیا (البحر الرائق 22/74) ان کان ترکہ اولی فمع المنع عن الفعل بدلیل قطعی حرام وبدلیل ظنی مکروہ کراھۃ التحریم وبدون المنع عن الفعل کراھۃ التنزیہ (شرح التلویح علی التوضیح 1/20)

And Allah knows best

Darul Ifta

Darul Uloom Waqf Deoband

This answer was collected from the official website of Darul Uloom Deoband Waqf. The institution is based in India and the answers are provided in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh.