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Nikaah at Home: Witness Requirements and Khutbah Necessity

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: When someone does nikaah at home. What is the procedure with witnesses? How many does the male need and how many the female? I have heard even without witnesses it is counted and it is only sunnat to have witnesses and to do khutbah. If someone has done nikkah without witnesses and khutbah is it counted?


A: Either two sane adult Muslim males or at least one Muslim adult male and two adult Muslim females.

If there were no required witnesses the nikaah is invalid and it has to be renewed.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

قال ولا ينعقد نكاح المسلمين إلا بحضور شاهدين حرين عاقلين بالغين مسلمين رجلين أو رجل وامرأتين عدولا كانوا أو غير عدول أو محدودين في القذف قال رضي الله عنه اعلم أن الشهادة شرط في باب النكاح لقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام لا نكاح إلا بشهود (هداية 2/306)

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.