Zakat intention after giving
We had to gave them money (more than $20) because we had no choice. Can we consider this payment as part of our yearly Zakat? Jazakallah khairan for your noble work.
Firstly, one should know that the custom referred to in the query — i.e. hermaphrodites going to homes where a baby is born and demanding money – is an un-Islamic custom. Rasulullah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) has said that the wealth of a Muslim is not permissible for another except through his own good will. When a person demands money from another, he will not give it out of his own free will; instead, he will give it because he will feel forced and pressured to give it. Therefore, one should not give money to such people, because by doing so he will be encouraging them to continue this sinful and shameful act.
عن أنس بن مالك أن رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال « لا يحل مال امرئ مسلم إلا بطيب نفسه » (سنن الدارقطني ، شعب الإيمان )
Also, the fuqaha have stated that it is not permissible for one to ask/beg for sustenance if he has enough sustenance to suffice him for the day or if he is able to work and earn himself. And if anyone gives such person money while knowing that he is capable of earning for himself, he will be assisting in committing a forbidden act.
في الدر المختار: ( ولا ) يحل أن ( يسأل ) من القوت ( من له قوت يومه ) بالفعل أو بالقوة كالصحيح المكتسب ويأثم معطيه إن علم بحاله لإعانته على المحرم ؛ وقال ابن عابدين رحمه الله: قال المقدسي في شرحه وأنت خبير بأن الظاهر أن مرادهم أن الدفع إلى مثل هذا يدعو إلى السؤال على الوجه المذكور وبالمنع ربما يتوب عن مثل ذلك فليتأمل ا هـ ( رد المحتار: ج 3 ص 357-358 ط دار المعرفة )
Now, coming to your question:
If you had intended to give Zakaat at the time of giving the person the money, then the amount will be counted as Zakaat. Alternatively, if the money you gave him was from an amount that you had separated with the intention of paying Zakaat with it, then too the amount will be counted as Zakaat. If none of these two cases apply, then you still have the chance to count the money as Zakaat only if the person still has the money in his possession. If he has already used the money, then you cannot count it as Zakaat.
في الدر المختار: ( وشرط صحة أدائها نية مقارنة له ) أي للأداء ( ولو ) كانت المقارنة ( حكما ) كما لو دفع بلا نية ثم نوى والمال قائم في يد الفقير … ( وبعد أسطر ) … ( أو مقارنة بعزل ما وجب ) كله أو بعضه ، ولا يخرج عن العهدة بالعزل بل بالأداء للفقراء ؛ وقال ابن عابدين رحمه الله: ( قوله مقارنة ) هو الأصل كما في سائر العبادات ، وإنما اكتفي بالنية عند العزل كما سيأتي لأن الدفع يتفرق فيتخرج باستحضار النية عند كل دفع فاكتفى بذلك للحرج بحر الخ … ( وبعد سطر ) … ( قوله : والمال قائم في يد الفقير ) بخلاف ما إذا نوى بعد هلاكه بحر وظاهره أن المراد بقيامه في يد الفقير بقاؤه في ملكه لا اليد الحقيقية ، وأن النية تجزيه مادام في ملك الفقير ، ولو بعد أيام ( رد المحتار: ج 3 ص 222 ط دار المعرفة )
وفي اللباب: ( ولا يجوز أداء الزكاة إلا بنية مقارنة للأداء ) ولو حكماً، كما لو دفع بلا نية ثم نوى والمال في يد الفقير … ( أو مقارنة لعزل مقدار الواجب )؛ لأن الزكاة عبادة وكان من شرطها النية، والأصل فيها الاقتران، إلا أن الدفع يتفرق، فاكتفى بوجودها حالة العزل تيسيراً، كتقديم النية في الصوم. هداية ( اللباب في شرح الكتاب: ص 150 ط دار قباء )
The above is applicable only if the person you gave the money to was eligible to receive Zakaat.
Mufti Faizal Riza
Read these QA to learn more..
- I have acquired three small pieces of land recently with the intention that these investments will mature in the long run to enable myself to build a house. I am confused about paying zakat on these lands.I would like to know if you purchase land for the purpose of building a house in the distant future may be on the same or some other property by selling this one do you have to pay zakat on it? Is it right for me to pay zakat on selection of them or two of them and mark one as reserved for house building? Also is there a one year grace period before zakat becomes due ? please advise.
- 1. Can interest money received from a bank be disbursed to simply anyone? (Instead of giving it to those eligible to receive Zakat without the intention of getting reward)
- Mufti sahab AOA, i have 02 questions regarding zakat. 1) i have a plot which i took with the intention of selling and obtaining profit when its value will go high. Is there any zakat on this plot? or will i pay zakat once it will be sold? 2) i have a furnished property which i have rented out as office to one organization. Is there any zakat on this property or just on its rental amount. Please reply both questions separetly. Thank you.
- Assalamwalaikum, i have this questions 1).can a man pay zakat to persons who have television in their house? 2) If a person asks for zakat from you but you think that he has enough money not to be eligible for zakat should zakat be given to the person due to good relationship with that person? 3).what is better in giving zakat giving less money to more people or more money to less people?
- I have read the question and reply regarding giving zakat to close family and I was wondering if the same would apply to a non-Muslim relative? My mother’s brothers and sisters, who are catholics, are going through difficult financial times. Would it be permissible for her to give them zakat to help them, or would the money she sends to them have to be other than the zakat money she pays out?
- Q: When one has excess funds he/she tends to buy a property with the intention of getting rental income for one’s needs. As I learn there is no Zakat on the property as such but Zakat needs to be paid on the income derived from the property/properties. On the same Principle I have bought shares in Shariah compliant companies with the intention of deriving income from dividend sources. However I do not indulge in trading or speculative activities in the Stock Market. I do every year set aside Zakat from the dividends received and also as and when I happen to sell the shares I once again remove Zakat from the entire also proceeds. But I am told that irrespective of the Intent [Niyah] one needs to remove Zakat from the total share holdings based on market rate every year. Since I do not have sufficient income from other sources to cover the Zakat obligations, if I have to follow this policy I have no option but to sell part of my shares every year to fulfil my Zakat obligations. If this process continues indefinitely a day will come when my entire share holdings [my capital itself] might get wiped out. In this situation what should I do. Please Advise.