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Is all ocean life halal for Muslims?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com
I am living in Algeria which is a Muslim country (99%) are Muslim. But here is European life style also. Ladies wearing very short dresses/tight dresses, which show every part of the body very clear like as breast size etc. Here they eat all kinds of creature of ocean and said that all are halal for them. Like as snail, octopus, crab, jellyfish, seahorse, turtle, seal etc.
According to my Hanafi Madhhab could I have all the ocean creatures, but my brother in law who is studying in Bangladeshi Kaumi Madrasha told me that octopus, crab, snail are haram.
So please explain why one food is halal in one madhhab and the same food is haram in another madhhab, 100% opposite not makrooh. Please explain.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 1161/1154/N=09/1435)

(1) According to Hanafi Fiqh only fish (with its entire species) is halal among all the sea animals and no other animal is halal. However, as per other Imams almost all the animals of sea are halal. Each one has his proof from the holy Quran and Hadith which are written in books in details.
(2) It happens in case there is contradiction in proofs, it is not strange. And in such rulings taqlid is needed as every one cannot reach to the right ruling on his own. In such rulings deep literary discussions take place.

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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