Home » Hanafi Fiqh » Askimam.org » 1.Can we perform shalatul jum’at with less than 20 people in one village? Should that village hold a shalatul jum’at,or should they join another locality, eventhough it’s quite far from them?

1.Can we perform shalatul jum’at with less than 20 people in one village? Should that village hold a shalatul jum’at,or should they join another locality, eventhough it’s quite far from them?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

2In the masjid there are stool of insects (eg fly,house lizard).The amount is quite substansial that most of the time we will step on it.What should we do? sometimes we sit on it,the stool stick to our dress.What should we do with the dress?3.How is the ruling on killing mosquitos or ants inside the masjid?4.What is the criteria of pure water?Do we have to use pure (not only clean) water when we do istinja?In the places I went,they have big pond in which we have to do our urinate/passing stool on it,and sometimes it splashes back to our body (bottom).Should we wash our body again after istinja? Or the water in that pond pure?(The pond is so big, is more than 2 qullah, but the water is stagnant and green in colour)5.Is shrimp paste halal?The stool of shrimp is on the head,and while the people making the shrimp paste, they don’t separate the head from the body.How about small fishes which still include the stomach in it?6.What is the rights of parents on the children after they got divorced?If the children went with the mother,what is the rights and duties of father?Can they still see each other?How about the relation between the man&his exwife?To what extend they can communicate?7.When should the ladies cover their faces? Someone has just moved to a new area, and they feel their neighbours would feel very strange to see the purdah.Can she open it among her new neighbours?8.in one of the book that one of the test to this ummah is when they have a lot of children. Is this true?


Assalaamu alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakatuh

1)According to the Shariah, Jumuah in a village consisting of less than 20 people is not valid. Instead of Jumuah, Zuhr Salaah should be read like any other day. (Fataawa Mahmoodiyah vol.2 pg.301) 2)We are currently researching the answer. Kindly revert to us. 3)It is permissible to kill mosquitoes and ants in the Musjid. (Tahtaawi pg.370 Darul-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah)
4)If the water is free from Najaasat (filth, impurities) it can be used for istinja. It is not permissible to urinate or pass stool inwater. It is sinful to do so and has been expressly prohibited by the Prophet(Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam). If the pond is 4,5 by 4,5metres or more then the water will remain paak as long as the effect of the urine and stool is not visible in the water. 5)kindly revert to us. 6)After the parents are divorced the mother has the right of custody of the children, but only in their childhood. For a boy up to the age of seven and for a girl up to the age of nine. However if she marries someone who is not a Mahram of the child her right of custody falls off. If for any reason the mother’s right of custody falls off, then the maternal grandmother has the right of custody, and after her the paternal grandmother … Once a reaches 7 and a girl 9 years then the father has right of custody. (Ahsanul-Fataawa vol.4 pg.459 H.M.Saeed, Shaami vol.2 pg.687 Rasheediyyah). If the child is in the mother’s custody then the father has visitation rights according to mutual agreement. The father is responsible for the maintenance of the child irrespective of in whose custody the child is in. For a boy this responsibility remains until he is mature and for a girl until she is married.( Shaami vol.3 pg.604 H.M.Saeed). A man ex-wife is in the same ruling as any other non-mahram, i.e. it is not permissible to communicate with her.

7)A woman should not remove her purdah even in front of new neighbours.

8)Wehave not come across anything to this effect, rather the Prophet(Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) has encouraged his Ummah to have a lot of children.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

For Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Checked and approved: Moulana Emraan Vawda

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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