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Qualities of a Mu’min

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org



In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Allah Taala has mentioned some special traits of the true believers and His favoured servants in eleven verses of Surah Furqan.

Hereunder are the verses with the translations.


1. Submission to Allah Taala, humility and diplomacy.

وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا إِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا
The slaves of Allah Taala are those who walk on the earth with humility. When the ignorant people speak to them, they say salaam.

Salaam here refers to averting a confrontation and diplomatically responding to ignorant people.

2-Qiyamul layl.

وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا

Those who pass the night prostrating and standing before their Lord.

Special mention of night worship is made here because,

1. This time being a time of rest, requires extra effort

2. It rules out the possibility of show.

3-Fear for Allah Taalas punishment.

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَامًا

Those who say, our lord, avert from us the punishment of Jahanum. Indeed, its punishment is a persisting affliction.

Despite their constant Ibadat, these people do not sit content, but they are always fearful of Allah Taala and the day of Qayamah and the punishment of Jahanum.


وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنْفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قَوَامًا

And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes).

5-Abstinence from Shirk.

وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ

 And those who invoke not any other ilah along with Allah Taala.  

6-Sanctity of life.

وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ

Those who don’t kill such life that Allah has forbidden, except for just cause.

 7-Modesty and Chastity.

وَلَا يَزْنُونَ

They do not commit illegal sexual intercourse. 


وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَشْهَدُونَ الزُّورَ

 Those who do not witness falsehood.


وَإِذَا مَرُّوا بِاللَّغْوِ مَرُّوا كِرَامًا

If they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.

The true believers are noble. If they ever pass by evil gatherings, they seek their Lord’s refuge and move on. They don’t engage in the evil and they don’t belittle the wrong doers in spite of them resenting the evil.


وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ لَمْ يَخِرُّوا عَلَيْهَا صُمًّا وَعُمْيَانًا

 Those who, when they are reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind.


وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

Those who say “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the Muttaqeen.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Huzaifah Deedat

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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