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Warning against oppressing a non Muslim living in a Muslim state

What is the status of the following Hadith:

“He who oppresses any dhimmi (non Muslim living in an Islamic state), or defames and degrades him, or demands from him anything more than he can bear or do, I will stand against that person and make a demand in favour of the dhimmi on the Day of Qiyamah.”


Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said : “Beware, whoever oppresses a dhimmi/ mu’ahid (non Muslim living in an Islamic state) or degrades him or demands from him more than he can bear or takes something from him without his happiness then I will defend that dhimmi on the day of judgement.

(Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 3052)

‘Allamah ‘Iraqi (rahimahullah) has declared the above Hadith as good (jayyid).

(At Taqyid Wal Idah, vol. 1 pg. 772. Also see Al Maqasidul Hasanah, Hadith: 1044)

A dhimmi/mu’ahid is a non Muslim citizen living in an Islamic state. He pays a tax and in return is guaranteed safety.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best,

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar

This answer was collected from HadithAnswers.com. The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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