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Is eating crab permissible in Islam according to the Quran and Hadith?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com
assalamualaikum, Is crab haram in islam or not?? please do give an answer with some proof from hadis & quran..thank you

Answer

(Fatwa: 442/372/B=1431)

According to the Hanafi fiqh only fish is lawful among sea animals, while all other sea animals and insects are unlawful. Crab is also unlawful according to Hanafi fiqh. Almighty Allah says in the holy Quran:

ุญูุฑู‘ูู…ูŽุชู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูŠู’ุชูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฏู‘ูŽู…ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุญู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูู†ู’ุฒููŠุฑู . [ุงู„ู…ุงุฆุฏุฉ : 3]

Prohibited for you are: carrion, blood and the flesh of swine.

The holy Quran makes no differentiation between terrestrial and nautical animals. And the holy Prophet Muhammad (ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…) has explained two types of dead animals.

ุงุญู„ุช ู„ู†ุง ุงู„ู…ูŠุชุชุงู† ูˆุงู„ุฏู…ุงู† ุŒ ุงู„ุณู…ูƒ ูˆุงู„ุฌุฑุงุฏ .

The holy Prophet Muhammad (ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…) said: Two types of dead animals and two types of blood have been made lawful for us. The types of dead animals are fish and locusts.

While crab, frog and snake all these are impure things, hence Almighty Allah declared them unlawful. The holy Quran says:

ูˆูŽูŠูุญูŽุฑู‘ูู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุจูŽุขุฆูุซูŽ . [ุงู„ุฃุนุฑุงู : 157]

And he makes unlawful for them impure things.

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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