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Can a mother give all her assets to her daughter who looks after her?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Darulfiqh.com

Can a mother- she is elderly in her eighties- (who has for sons and a daughter) give all her assets to her only daughter as she is a widow and looks after her.  Her rationale is that her sons are not looking after her (as per the shariah) and the daughter/grandchildren are looking after her when are not required to do so.

Answer:

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh

In principle, it is permissible to gift one’s assets to children during one’s lifetime when one is healthy and sound.  However, it will be disliked (makruh) to do so if the parent intends to deprive the other children.  Thus, if a child is serving his/her parent, then it will be permissible for the parent to give him/her their assets as a gift during the parent’s lifetime when the parent is healthy and sound.[1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mawlana Faraz ibn Adam,
Student Darul Iftaa

Leicester, United Kingdom

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

 


[1] وَفِي الْخَانِيَّةِ لَا بَأْسَ بِتَفْضِيلِ بَعْضِ الْأَوْلَادِ فِي الْمَحَبَّةِ لِأَنَّهَا عَمَلُ الْقَلْبِ، وَكَذَا فِي الْعَطَايَا إنْ لَمْ يَقْصِدْ بِهِ الْإِضْرَارَ، وَإِنْ قَصَدَهُ فَسَوَّى بَيْنَهُمْ يُعْطِي الْبِنْتَ كَالِابْنِ عِنْدَ الثَّانِي وَعَلَيْهِ الْفَتْوَى وَلَوْ وَهَبَ فِي صِحَّتِهِ كُلَّ الْمَالِ لِلْوَلَدِ جَازَ وَأَثِمَ (الدر المختار من حاشية ابن عابدين ج 5 ص 696 أيج أيم سعيد)

كذا في أحسن الفتاوى ج 7 ص 256 أيج أيم سعيد

كذا في فتاوى محمودية ج 16 ص 497 إدارة الفاروق

This answer was collected from DarulFiqh.com, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Faraz ibn Adam al-Mahmudi, the student of world renowned Mufti Ebrahim Desai (Hafizahullah).

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