If a husband says i give you one divorce with intenstion of a one divorce but said it three times
“i give you only one divorce ok i gave you only one i am giving you one divorce ” he mean to confirm and make the wife understand that he is giving one divorce is it count one divorce or three divorce.between three time he was talking that why he is doing so. Please explain about one two or three divorce. Giving divorce in state of her menstruation cycle divorce is effective? Will it count as her first iddat period ? For example husband give the divorce at evening but cycle already start at morning?
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh
1) Whenever any issue of Shari’ah and in particular a case of divorce is being presented for a ruling, one must fear Allah Ta’ala and present the case with full honesty and truthfulness. Allah Ta’ala knows all our intentions and what is in our hearts. Allah Ta’ala says:
إن الله عليم بذات الصدور
“Surely, Allah is All-Aware of what lies in the hearts.” (31:23)
If the facts of a divorce case are distorted then the fatwa will be according to the facts presented. However, the fatwa will not make haraam to halaal. It would remain haraam and the man and woman would be with each other illegally.
In principle, three divorces is considered to be talaaq mughalazah (a permanently irrevocable divorce). However, if the husband repeated one statement three times for emphasis on the one divorce, then his honesty in the matter is solely between him and Allah Ta’ala and the talaaq will be regarded as one.
If emphasis was not the intention of repeating the statements three times, then it will be regarded as talaaq mughalazah.
2) It is prohibited for a husband to divorce his wife while she is menstruating. However, if divorce is still given in this state, it will be valid. The iddah would start after her next period commences and after three full menstrual cycles the iddah would be complete.
كرر لفظ الطلاق وقع الكل ، وإن نوى التأكيد دين .
(Darrul Mukhtar, Vol. 3, P. 293, HM Saeed Company)
رجل قال لإمرأته: أنت طالق ، أنت طالق ، أنت طالق ، فقال: عنيت بالأولى الطلاق ، و بالثانية والثالثة إفهامها ، صدق ديانةً .
(Fatawa Alamgiree, Vol. 1, P. 355-356, Rashidiyya)
وإذا طلق الرجل امرأته في حالة الحيض وقع الطلاق لأن النهي عنه لمعنى في غيره وهو ما ذكرناه فلا ينعدم مشروعيته
(Al-Hidaya, Vol. 2, P. 357, Multan)
ثم البدعة في الوقت يختلف فيها المدخول بها وغير المدخول بها ؛ فيكره أن يطلق المدخول بها في حالة الحيض
(Badai’ Al-Sanai’, Vol. 4, P. 205-206, Beirut)
(Fatawa Mahmudiyya, Vol. 12, P. 185-187, P. 461-462, Faruqiyya)
And Allah knows best
Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah